Diagnosis of Unédic on the emergence of short contracts

State of affairs before the opening, Friday 9 November, negotiations on unemployment insurance and supervision of short contracts. Six sectors are more demanding for this type of contract.

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In order to facilitate the unemployment insurance negotiations starting on Friday 9 November, Unédic published an inventory of the labor market in September. The diagnosis included a strong increase in short-term contracts, the supervision of which should be discussed with the social partners, and in particular the concentration of these employment contracts of less than a month on a few sectors: accommodation catering, administrative services, car repair, transport, medical-social activities, arts and entertainment.

This phenomenon reminds us that the growth of short-term contracts meets sectoral considerations, such as seasonal activity for the catering industry or the need for continuity of services in medical-social activities, but not only.

Unédic emphasizes in particular the difference in impact on the number of short contracts between companies whose competitiveness is gained through cost reduction and those who opt for competitiveness through the quality of their products or services. In order to analyze the reasons for increasing recruitment in the short term, Unédic commissioned the Research Center for Study and Observation of Living Conditions (Crédoc) to interview companies about their practices.

This survey shows that companies that promote cost competitiveness are dependent on a strong division of labor favorable to short-term contracts, with the establishment of regular re-leases of one or more same employees by the same employer. This is called a "Relationship followed". "Four-fifths of the appointments with fixed-term contracts of one month or less are with a former employer"says Unédic. the «Followed relations »Deliver approximately 400,000 people.

On the other hand, companies that promote competitiveness through quality, anticipate more and "Try to describe their recruitment difficulties …