Lobbying, corruption, American pressure ... The gray areas of the Alstom affair

By Marie-Béatrice Baudet and Chloé Aeberhardt

The testimony of Frédéric Pierucci, former director of the company, invites us to re-examine the circumstances of the sale in 2014 of the French energy champion to the American General Electric.

The Alstom affair, a true state thriller, is being revived. Outraged by the scenario of the sale in 2014 of the French energy champion to the American General Electric (GE), a man no longer wants to be quiet. Frédéric Pierucci, 51, publishes, on Wednesday, January 16, with Matthieu Aron, a journalist The Obs, The American trap. Former executive member of Alstom, imprisoned for more than two years in the United States for "corruption" after the launch of an investigation into his company, which is reserved to the Ministry of Justice (DoJ) world his first public speech. To read it, his personal history would illustrate the economic war the United States is making to Europe to conquer its industrial gold nuggets. "By diverting law and morality".

The feeling that the sale of Alstom is a huge game of lying poker is shared between former members of the parliamentary committee of inquiry that was formed at the end of October 2017 for "the state's decisions on industrial policy". "There are still gray areas in this case"says Delphine Batho, member of parliament (not registered) of Deux-Sèvres and former Minister of Ecology under François Hollande. Convinced for his part that this is one "National scandal", Daniel Fasquelle, MP (LR) of Pas-de-Calais, confirms that"It was difficult to unravel the truth of the fake in this very technical dossier". As far as Arnaud Montebourg is concerned, then minister of economics, he becomes enthusiastic again "Stories told to sleep by the leaders of Alstom".

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The 2008 financial crisis prompted Alstom's CEO, Patrick Kron, to seek alliances in China for the energy sector in early 2010 and for the transport sector in Russia. The situation is complicated when in 2012 persistent rumors point to the Bouygues group's wish to sell its 29.4% stake in the company – a conglomerate based on three activities: energy, electricity and transport. In 2014, the board of Alstom chose the American GE instead of the German Siemens for the acquisition of its energy activities. Thus the maintenance and renewal of the turbo generators of the 58 French nuclear reactors, the production of Arabelle turbines for EPR reactors, the supply of propulsion turbines for the four nuclear submarine launchers and the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle now from the United States.