Senator Kirsten Gillibrand tells Stephen Colbert that she will become president

Senator Kirsten Gillibrand from New York announced Tuesday that she will reach the Democratic nomination for president in 2o20, in a campaign that is expected to lean on gender issues and metaphor.

She told host Colon on the "Late Show" of CBS that she believes that she needs "compassion, courage and fearless determination".

"The first thing I would do is restore what has been lost: the integrity and compassion in this country," she said. "I would bring people together to get things done."

Gillibrand, 52, is best known for her efforts to combat sexual violence in the army and on university campuses, to withdraw the military policy of "not asking, not telling" and making it easier for Capitol Hill staff members. have been sexually harassed or mistreated to report their experiences.

The senator has his grip on the outburst of activism motivated by the election of President Trump and his policies, a movement largely driven by women. She called the 2017 Women & # 39; s March on Washington "truly the most inspiring moment of my entire life" and joined the demonstrators who had challenged the appointment of Brett M. Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court in the autumn. She also stood up against fellow Democrats when the # MeToo era began and criticized then-Sen. Al Franken from Minnesota and former president Bill Clinton because of their allegedly inappropriate behavior towards women.

Gillibrand is also a vocal critic of Trump, and she has voted against a higher rate than most Democrats against his political appointments and positions. The president responded in December 2017 by attacking her in a tweet that she & # 39; a sexist smear & # 39; called.

With the announced announcement, Gillibrand intends to spend time with her husband and two sons on Wednesday in Troy, N.Y., where she lives and where her campaign will be stationed. On Friday she starts a three-day tour through Iowa, starting in Sioux City on the western edge of the state and ending in Cedar Rapids in the eastern part.

Since Gillibrand was appointed a member of the Senate in January 2009 to fill the chair left open when Hillary Clinton became Secretary of State, she has undergone a rapid and dramatic political shift, keeping many of the central positions she has period as congressman from Upstate had given up, has given up New York and becomes one of the most liberal members of the Senate. Trumps campaign leader Brad Parscale has won this transformation, pointing to Gillibrand as an example of democratic "political contortionism" – even if Trump has shifted in almost all of his policy positions.

Gillibrand said she developed a passion for politics while she was growing up in Albany. Her maternal grandmother was an influential political organizer and her mother worked as a lawyer, had a black belt in karate and shot the Thanksgiving turkey family every year.

Gillibrand studied at Dartmouth College and the University of California at the Los Angeles School of Law, after which he worked as a corporate lawyer in Manhattan for over a decade. She helped the tobacco company Philip Morris represent in the 1990s amid a federal investigation – controversial work, at least among the Democrats, that she struggled to defend. At the end of the 1990s, Gillibrand offered itself as the first Senate campaign from Clinton and distinguished itself as an aggressive fundraiser, a skill that was the key to her political career.

"In my adult life, politically, no one has inspired me to get off the sidelines and really make a difference more than Hillary Clinton has," Gillibrand wrote in a January 2016 essay in which he endorses Clinton as president. Clinton wrote a foreword for Gillibrand's memoirs in 2014.

Gillibrand first went to the office in 2006 and defeated a four-year republican in a conservative congress district with the suburbs of Albany. In the House, Gillibrand joined the Blue Dog Democrats, a centrist group, and embraced many conservative positions. Her support for arms law legislation earned her a 100% approval rating from the National Rifle Association. She resisted amnesty for undocumented immigrants and agreed to cut off part of the federal funding to New York City until the city creaked about illegal immigration.She was against legalizing gay marriage.

When Clinton closed its senate seat in January 2009, New York government leader David Paterson (D) Gillibrand, who was barely known outside of Upstate New York at the time, was outraged by many Democrats who considered Gillibrand too conservative. On the Hill, members of the New York delegation nicknamed Gillibrand "Tracy Flick" to the bubbly, blonde and ambitious character played by Reese Witherspoon in the movie "Election."

Some of her policy positions have changed quickly. The evening before her appointment was announced, she called on a gay rights group to confess her full support for same-sex marriage. While she voted for measures to control weapons, her NRA assessment fell back to an F.

Gillibrand said in a CBS News interview last year that when she broadened her vision beyond the lens of Upstate New York, she realized that her arms rights and immigration positions & # 39; error & # 39; goods.

"I just did not take the time to understand why these problems mattered because it was not right for me, and that was my fault," Gillibrand said in the interview. "It was something I am ashamed of and embarrassed about."

She won a special election in 2010 with 63 percent of the votes and followed with 72 percent of the votes in 2012, when she earned her first full term and 67 percent in November. The latest campaign came when Gillibrand navigated intraparty divisions about dealing with the # MeToo movement.

In November 2017 Gillibrand said Bill Clinton had resigned during his presidency after his affair with a trainee from the White House. That made some Clinton loyalists angry. Former consultant Philippe Reines, who tweeted: "More than 20 years ago you took the notes, the money and the chair of the Clintons.Hiichelaar.Abient strategy for primaries in 2020. Good luck."

Three weeks later, Gillibrand called on her colleague Franken to resign after allegations of sexual misconduct by various women. She was the first prominent Democrat who did thisand many others followed, although she also received criticism from members of her party and some important donors .

"Enough is enough", wrote Gillibrand in a Facebook message. "The women who have come forward are brave and I believe them.Although it is true that his behavior is not the same as the criminal behavior being asserted against Roy Moore, or Harvey Weinstein, or President Trump, it is nonetheless unquestionable and should not be tolerated. & # 39;

A few days later, Gillibrand called upon Trump to resign immediately because he had been accused of assault by more than a dozen women.

Trump reacted the following day in a tweet: "Lightweight Senator Kirsten Gillibrand … someone who came to my office not so long ago and begged for campaign contributions (and would do anything for them) is now fighting in the ring against Trump. & # 39;

Gillibrand said the tweet & # 39; a sexist smear was meant to silence me & # 39 ;.

One of the most productive fundraisers in the US Congress, Gillibrand, raised more than $ 56 million during her political career, including $ 20 million between 2013 and 2018. But her talent has led to criticism that she was too sociable with Wall Street. In 2013, the John Oliver of the Daily Show Gillibrand confronted Wall Street campaign donations and said: "What I really want to know is: what do you need to do for that? What is required of you for that money? Because it makes me uncomfortable. # 39;

Gillibrand replied that it was her job to represent New York and its people, including those working on Wall Street. She noted that she had called for more regulation of the banking system and against the rescue plan of banks. Almost a year ago Gillibrand stopped taking money from political action committees of companies, following the example of Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) And Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.).

During her re-election campaign last year, Gillibrand promised that she would "serve my six-year mandate" and would not challenge Trump in 2020. Her Republican opponent replied: "Frankly, I do not believe that."

Two days after she was re-elected, Gillibrand said during a TV interview that she was considering running.

"I think it's a moral issue for me," she said. "I have seen the hatred and division that President Trump has sent out in our country, and it has called me to fight as hard as I can to restore the moral compass of this country."

Philip Bump contributed to this report