Africa will soon be in 2018 first TGV line in use. In response to the invitation from King Mohammed VI, Emmanuel Macron will travel to Morocco on November 15 to initiate the high-speed line between Casablanca and Tangier. 200 km long, this high-speed line must connect Tangier with Rabat, the political capital of the country, in 1:20, instead of 3:40 now.
The Moroccan LGV, the first high-speed segment of the African continent, will also serve in 2:10 instead of 4:45, Tangier, an important hub between North Africa and Europe, where Renault has a factory that produces Dacia and Casablanca. , another important economic pole of Morocco.
LGV has been left behind by expropriations
Officially launched in 2007 in the presence of Mohammed VI and Nicolas Sarkozy, the project saw its work begin in 2011. But they have lagged behind due to the expropriation procedures since the first commissioning was scheduled for December 2015.
Countless French companies participated in the project: Alstom for the delivery of the trains, the Ansaldo-Ineo consortium (signaling and telecom), Cegelec (electrical substations) and the Colas Rail-Egis Rail consortium (tracks and overhead lines). SNCF also provides project management assistance to the Moroccan National Railways Office (ONCF), the national operator of the country's rail network.
Six million passengers expect after three years of operation
The construction of the high-speed line cost a total of 2 billion euros. The French State has committed to provide 51% financing through various loans, including a loan granted by the French development agency for EUR 220 million. This cost represents an envelope that is approximately 15% higher than the initial estimate of 1.8 billion euros, calculated in 2007 at the launch of the project.
Six million passengers per year at cruising speed are expected after three years of commercial operation of the future LGV. This will be a doubling compared to the 3 million people currently transported on the traditional railway line.