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The writer of Indian origins became known with literary travel diaries
DThe Nobel laureate V. S. Naipaul is dead. The great storyteller, travel writer and essayist died at the age of 85 in his British foster home, as the Naipaul family announced Saturday night. Naipaul was born the son of Indian immigrants on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. He was considered one of the leading exponents of postcolonial literature, and many of his works were found in Africa, Asia, or the Caribbean. In 2001 he was awarded the Nobel Prize.
"He was a giant in everything he did," said the widow in a statement. "He lived a life full of wonderful creativity". Naipaul died in the circle of his loved ones.
Naipaul was one of the greatest writers in the English-speaking world. For decades he traveled the world searching for literary material, but also after his own roots. In his over 30 books he often blurred the boundaries between travel diary, fiction and autobiography.
Naipaul's experiences from Asia, from Africa and from America are reflected in many of his works. Among his famous books we find the novel "At the turn of the great river", in which he described the tumult of the Congo after independence, and the bestseller "A House for Mr. Biswas". In it, he elaborated the story of his Indian father in the Caribbean and showed the difficulty of integrating at the same time into a new society and preserving his roots.
As the author of the so-called post-colonialism, Naipaul faced the suppression of the culture of the former colonies from the domination of "Western" culture. Naipaul forces his readers to "see the presence of history removed", the Royal Swedish Academy declared in 2001 its decision on the Nobel prize in favor of the English.
Naipaul's novels seemed "more and more accounts without fading the characters," said the Nobel Academy. "Naipaul remembers what others have forgotten – the history of the losers".
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul grew up in the former British Caribbean colony of Trinidad Tobago. At the age of 18, he went to Britain, where he graduated in 1953 from the University of Oxford, where he studied English literature. After a brief interlude as a freelance journalist for the BBC, he focused on his career as a writer. In 1990 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
Naipaul was a fixture in the cultural establishment in her adopted UK. The polemics were not foreign to him. Thus he maintained a critical attitude towards Islam, to which he assumed the commitment of cultural dominance. In 2010 he had to cancel his participation in an event in Turkey, after his criticism of Islam had provoked protests there.
Naipaul has also gained little understanding for disparaging statements about women writers. The female authors did not submit to her work, said "Evening Standard" in 2011. He justified this with feminine "sentimentalism", the narrow vision of the world ".
Twenty years ago, he also caused a sensation by confessing that he regularly visited prostitutes. This confession contributed to the early death of the cancer of his then wife Pat, he said later. "It took a lot of time," Naipaul told his biographer Patrick French. "You can say that I killed her."