The British writer V. S. Naipaul, who died at the age of 85 and was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 2001, leaves a book with the trauma of the postcolonial period. "He was a giant in everything he did and died surrounded by those he loved, having lived a life full of creativity and wonderful initiative," said his wife, Lady Naipaul, in a statement. .
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul – a painter of uprooting, small people and declining empires – is the author of over thirty books that combine fiction, non-fiction and autobiography. Born on 17 August 1932 in the British West Indies, in Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad, from a family of Indian immigrants, he studied English literature at the University of Oxford before settling in England. in 1953. He had spent most of his life traveling and had become a symbol of uprooting in contemporary society.
By awarding him the Nobel Prize in 2001, the Swedish Academy had defined V. S. Naipaul as a "cosmopolitan writer" and a "literary tourman". One of his main works is his autobiography A house for Mr. Biswas, in 1964, in which the hero borrows the features of the writer's father. Through this book, he described the challenge for Indian immigrants in the Caribbean to integrate into society while maintaining their roots.
Naipaul's drama, the Swedish Academy, summarizes it as follows: "Trinidad's cultural and spiritual poverty afflicts him, India has become a stranger to him and it is impossible for him to adhere to the traditional values of the world. former British colonial power, its first work, dedicated to the West Indies, will then expand all over the world, Naipaul concentrating mainly on the trauma associated with postcolonial changes, condemned to seek universal values for the essence of the world. being, and through it its very identity, the philosopher-writer will visit India, Africa, the Americas, the Muslim countries of Asia.
Frank talks and slips
In 1998, he delivered Until the end of the faith, after having renewed, placated, the journey that had led him, seventeen years earlier, to the four non-Arab Muslim countries (Indonesia, Iran, Pakistan, Malaysia) that had inspired fever Twilight on Islam, journey to the land of believers (1981). He described postcolonial countries as "semi-elaborate" societies and said that the Muslim religion "forces people to reject their past, and therefore themselves". He receives numerous awards, including the prestigious British Booker Prize (1971) for Tell me who to kill, was ennobled by the queen in 1990.
He had met his first wife, Pat, at Oxford, who supported him on a literary level. Died in 1996, he later revealed that he had the impression that he had accelerated his death by publicly acknowledging that he had sex with prostitutes while he was fighting cancer. The year Pat died, he married the Pakistani journalist Nadira Alvi. Renowned for his frankness, he was known to easily break with his knowledge: "My life is short, I can not listen to trivia," he said.
His anger has manifested itself against many arguments: from the corruption of Indian political power to the cynical behavior of the West towards its former colonies and the cult of personality in the West. The return of Eva Peron (1980). He had not hesitated to compare former British Prime Minister Tony Blair to a pirate at the head of a socialist revolution and disparaged the Romancers, whom he described as "sentimental".
"The writers are different, they are very different.When I read part of a work, in one or two paragraphs, I know if it is written by a woman or a man I think (their work) is not the same as mine ", he told the English newspaper London Evening Standard. According to him, this is explained by the "sentimentalism" of women and their "narrow vision of the world".