November 9, Minsk / Corr. Learned /. Today the 200th anniversary of the birth of the great Russian writer Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev is celebrated all over the world. The writer's jubilee is listed as a UNESCO memorial.
Ivan Turgenev is a classic of Russian literature, a writer of prose, poet, playwright, translator and memorial, whose works are known in all continents and translated into all European languages. His work has become a significant part not only of Russian culture, but also of world culture. During his lifetime, the writer was a corresponding member of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences, an honorary doctor from the University of Oxford, an honorary member of the Moscow University.
Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev was born on 9 November 1818 in Orel. As a descendant of the former landowning family of Tula Turgenev and the wealthy noble family Lutovinov, Ivan received an excellent education during his childhood, first in private pensions and then with family teachers. At the age of fourteen he was fluent in three foreign languages, an expert in literature and history. Later, while studying abroad, Ivan Turgenev imbued the ideals of European culture and became a convinced "Western", who left a strong mark on his work. The writer's belief that Russia had to choose the path of development of Western Europe later served as the source of the strongest disagreements between Turgenev and Dostoyevsky, who adhered to other points of view.
Ivan Turgenev's first literary experiments took place during the years of study at the University of St. Petersburg: in 1838 his first poems were published in the magazine Sovremennik. However, at that time a promising student would not have been a professional writer. Later, in 1845, his poem Parasha was published, which deserved an enthusiastic review by Vissarion Belinsky. This event not only marked the beginning of a friendship between the young writer and a famous critic, but also determined the fate of Turgenev: he decided to dedicate his life to literature.
This creative takeoff of Turgenev occurred after the meeting in 1843 with the singer Pauline Viardot, wife of the French writer and critic Louis Viardot. The love for this woman played a fateful role for Turgenev, forcing him to spend most of his life abroad, where he created his best works. In this case, the main theme of Turgenev's prose has always been Russia.
The last twenty years of his life, Ivan Turgenev, passed mainly to Baden-Baden (Germany) and Paris (France). In 1883, the writer died in the Bougival place near Paris, his body was transported to Russia and buried along with other Russian writers on the literary footbridges of St. Petersburg.
For his creative biography, Turgenev has created a lot of prose poems, a series of stories, six novels that have brought world fame to the writer during his lifetime. He has written exceptional works such as "Notes of a Hunter", "Asya", "Spring Waters", "Rudin", "On the Eve", "Fathers and Sons", "Noble Nest", "Smoke". All of them were subsequently repeatedly screened by Soviet, Russian, European and Chinese filmmakers.
The anniversary events on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Ivan Turgenev, together with the Russian cities – Moscow, St. Petersburg, Orel, Tula – are frequented by Paris and Baden-Baden. However, the main celebrations take place in the homeland of the classic – in the Oryol region. The Governor of the Oryol region has established the medal "The 200th Anniversary of I.S. Turgenev", which from now on will be awarded for its contribution to the study and promotion of the writer's creative heritage.