Beer: Farmers are afraid of the arrival of a deadly disease for humans

Take care in Ariège. In an official statement sent Thursday, October 11, the Departmental Sheep Union (SOA) announced that it would appeal to the District Court of Paris to challenge the ministerial authorization requiring the reintroduction of two Slovenian bears in Béarn on October 5 the regional newspaper reports The shipment. Because, in addition to the threats to the herds, he fears the import of a rare and possibly fatal disease for the man: tick-borne encephalitis.

And rightly so: the health component of the ministerial decree of August 29 published in the official bulletin of the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition "reports the endemic presence in Slovenia of TBE, or sign transferred encephalitis, transmitted vector disease by ticks for all wildlife species and human beings This incurable disease, possibly fatal to humans, is diagnosed in hundreds of cases every year in Slovenia The health study on TBE in the context of the reintroduction process concludes that there is a moderate, and therefore not zero, risk of the natural environment of the Pyrenees is introduced, which is free of it, "explains the SOA, who is currently in contact with other federations to propose to associate them with the appeal.

"It has been decided to bring an action for annulment before the Paris court with a suspension order that will make the request faster if it succeeds." If it succeeds, the government will have the obligation to recover its bears through the detection beacons they have around their neck, "says Franck Watts, treasurer of the SOA, at Why Doctor." This disease can not be cured, it is asymptomatic in bears who can pass it to ticks and thus pass the virus on to wildlife and the local population, "he said, and to rebel:" The ONCFS (National Bureau for Hunting and Wildlife) is worried about the risks for his own agents: they preconise to dismiss the imprisoned bears and to vaccinate agents in advance who care animals but it seems that the risk for the local population poses very little risk as "moderate to low" weighs, so finally "negligible risk", so we do not talk about it. Hopefully our summary brings the pressure ".

Anger against the state and the ecologists & # 39;

The two bears, Claverina ("the heir, the one who carries the keys" in Bearn) and Sortia ("little sister" in Bearn), were released on 5 October in the Pyrenees, after which Francois de Rugy, Minister of Ecological Transition, a lot of enthusiasm on Twitter. The first, 7 years old, weighs 140 kg, the second, 6, weighs 150 kg. Both are pregnant and will bear cubs in 2019, another source of anger and concern for many locals.

This is not the first time that people in the area are alarmed for the risk oftick-borne encephalitis caused by imports of Slovenian bears in the Pyrenees. On its site, the Pyrénées-Pyrénéeus, a platform devoted to the region, accuses the French state of having voluntarily imported this previously unknown disease into the Pyrenees and Spain. "While the Pyrenees were a safe and healthy region before the import of bears from Slovenia, also for Spain, the madness of the men who call themselves "ecologists" and environmental protectors lead us to take precautionary measures so far unknown hygienic conditions " , there is also written.

As a rule, tick-borne encephalitis is much more common in the east than in the West. Alsace is the most affected in France, followed by Lorraine. Some cases have been observed in other regions in the past, particularly in the southwest (Bordeaux), Haute-Savoie (Faverges, Grenoble) and Aquitaine. In addition to France, the disease is widespread in the Vladivostok region in Russia, Northeast China, Sweden, Finland, Italy, Greece, South Crimea and Northern Japan. Approximately 158,000 cases were registered between 1990 and 2007, two-thirds of them in Russia.

A mortality rate ranging from 0.5% to 35%

As the name suggests, tick-borne encephalitis is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick with an arbovirus, especially in spring and autumn. After an incubation of one to two weeks, the disease starts abruptly as a flu. The patient will develop a fever, headache and chills. Then appear in some people (in 20 to 30% of cases), symptoms due to neurological problems: exhaustion or on the contrary strong turmoil, drowsiness, delusions, disorders of tone and muscles and losing balance.

There is no specific antiviral agent against this disease. The treatment, which can be supplemented with corticosteroids, is only intended to alleviate the symptoms. Two weeks of bed rest can also be advised.

Depending on the subtype of the virus, the mortality rate varies from 0.5% to 35% and up to a third of patients may have more or less significant neurological consequences in the long term, such as headache, hearing disorders and swallowing or memory problems.

For this reason, health authorities urge that people living in endemic areas take preventive measures. In addition to vaccination, it is a matter of protecting themselves by wearing long and protective clothing during a walk through the forest, the use of skin repellents and the rapid but careful extraction of ticks after biting. Generally, if you spent time in the forest or on the campsite, consider carefully inspecting your skin or that of your children, especially in the armpits, genitals, troughs of the knees and head and neck.

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