Health

Early age diagnosis of type 1 diabetes linked to greater heart risks

Early age diagnosis of type 1 diabetes linked to greater heart risks

Being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at a young age is associated with more cardiovascular complications and higher risk of premature death than being diagnosed later in life, independent of disease duration.

The findings, published in The Lancet, come from a large observational study in Sweden that followed over 27,000 individuals with type 1 diabetes and more than 135,000 matched controls for an average of 10 years.

With around half of individuals with type 1 diabetes diagnosed before the age of 14, the authors are calling for the wider and earlier use of cardioprotective measures such as statins and blood pressure lowering drugs in this high-risk population.

Dr Araz Rawshani, from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden who co-led the research, said: “Although the relative risk of cardiovascular disease is increased after an early diabetes diagnosis, the absolute risk is low. However, age at disease onset appears to be an important determinant of survival as well as cardiovascular outcomes in early adulthood, warranting consideration of earlier treatment with cardioprotective drugs.”