Genetics, lifestyle main causes for cardiovascular disease

Experts said that the risk of death from CVD is the same for women and men.

Every two seconds someone in the world dies as a result of cardiovascular (CVD) disease.

Experts in a media workshop entitled "New treatments for cardiovascular disease", organized by Bayer and held along the sidelines of the recently concluded European Society of Cardiology Congress 2018 in Munich, said the risk of death by HVZ is the same in women and men.

"This is partly due to a westernized lifestyle that contains less exercise and more junk food," says Professor Martin Cowe, Imperial College London and Honorary Consultant Cardiologist, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.

"There are perceptions that men are more susceptible to cardiovascular disease than women, but this is not the case," he said.

Speak with Khaleej TimesProf. Cowie said that many young men from the Middle East, including Kuwait, Qatar and the UAE, developed heart disease. "This is partly due to the genetic composition and the rest is because of the lifestyle that makes them less active and consume more calories – in fact a combination of genes and an unhealthy lifestyle," he said.

He also said that there was a trend to smoke the water pipe pipes in the Middle East, which led to an increase in CVDs. "This water pipe is equivalent to smoking 100 cigarettes in an hour," he explained.

Smoking thickened the blood and led to heart failure in the 40s in both sexes. "As the age rises, the risk of developing heart disease also increases, risk factors are the same for men and women," he said.

The region suffers from a high degree of CVD because of the sedentary lifestyle, said Hassan Al Tamimi, professor at Mohammed Bin Rashid University (MBRU) and Cardiovascular Consultant at Mediclinic, Dubai.

"The rate of diabetes is 40 percent in the UAE, which is a risk factor along with hypertension," he told Khaleej Times. "Although it is a cosmopolitan population, the rate of diabetes among the local population is higher," he said.

He said that women were protected by hormones until menopause. "Risk manifestation is later in life for women and men are more prone to heart disease."

He said that a heart attack in women was different. "It's stereotypical, women feel unwell and short of breath, and women who smoke are more at risk," he added.

Cardiovascular diseases accounted for 17.7 million deaths in 2015

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. It includes a group of disorders of the heart or blood vessels.

Coronary heart disease (CAD) caused by an accumulation of plaque in the coronary arteries that lead blood to the heart and can lead to serious events such as heart attack and stroke. This is the most common type of heart disease and has led to 8.8 million deaths worldwide in 2015.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) caused by accumulation of plaque in the peripheral arteries that supply blood to the limbs and can lead to gangrene and amputation. As advanced PAD can also lead to complications associated with CAD, including a heart attack. PAD has an estimated more than 202 million people worldwide.

Cardiovascular diseases accounted for 17.7 million deaths worldwide in 2015 or the equivalent of the entire population of the Netherlands. If the current rate continues, in 2030 this could be the equivalent of the entire population of Australia.

Contrary to what is often thought, it affects all ages. Even for people aged 30-49 years, ischemic heart disease is already the second largest cause of death worldwide. It is the highest for people older than 50 years.

It is more than the health of a patient, CVD affects the quality of life of patients as well as society in general. The impact on healthcare systems amounted to 111 billion euros in 2017. With those who were unable to work in Europe as a result of CVD, 54 billion euros in productivity losses were recorded in 2017. The economic costs for the treatment and management of patients in Europe amounted to 210 billion euros in 2017.


Asma Ali Zain

Associated with KT for 15 years. Includes health issues, the Pakistani community, stories about human interests and general topics for daily news or functions.


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