Nine things you need to know about the flu and the flu vaccine

Do you think you have flu? Or is it just a bad cold?

There are many myths about these viruses and the NHS has drawn up a handy list of myth busters, so you know the truth when it comes to flu and colds.

As the flu season comes closer, they also remind people who are eligible for the flu vaccine. It qualifies for the NHS for adults and children who are considered as risky. be considered, as well as children from two to nine years old on 31 August 2018.

• Flu is much worse than a bad cold

A bad flu is much worse than a bad cold. Flu symptoms are sudden and sometimes severe. They include fever, chills, headaches and aching muscles, as well as a cough and a sore throat.

You will probably spend two or three days in bed. If you get complications caused by flu, you can become seriously ill and go to the hospital.

• The flu vaccine can not give you flu

The injected flu vaccine given to adults contains inactivated flu viruses, so it can not give you flu.

Your arm may feel a bit painful at the place where you have been injected, and some people may experience mild temperature and muscle pain for a few days afterwards. Other reactions are very rare.

• Flu can not be treated with antibiotics

Flu is caused by viruses – antibiotics only work against bacteria. You may be prescribed antiviral medicines to treat your flu.

Antiviral drugs do not cure flu, but they can make you less contagious for others and shorten the time that you are ill.

• You must receive a flu vaccine every year

The viruses that cause flu can change every year, so you need a vaccine every year that matches the new viruses. The vaccine usually provides protection for the duration of the flu season of that year.

• If you are pregnant, you must have the flu vaccine

You should have the vaccine regardless of the stage of pregnancy where you are. If you are pregnant, you may become very ill if you develop flu, which may also be bad for your baby.

Having the vaccine can also protect your baby from influenza after they are born and during the first months of their lives.

• Children can get the flu vaccine

The nasal spray flu vaccine is recommended on the NHS for all healthy 2- and 3-year-olds – plus children in the reception class, and school years 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

In addition, children who are "in danger" of a serious illness if they get flu are eligible for a flu vaccine at the NHS. This includes children with pre-existing disease, such as a respiratory or neurological disorder, and children who have a treatment that weakens their immune system, such as chemotherapy.

The flu vaccine is usually administered as an injection for children aged 6 months to 2 years and as a nasal spray for children aged 2 to 17 with a long-term health condition.

The flu vaccine is not suitable for babies younger than 6 months.

• Even if you think you have had flu, you should still receive the vaccination

If you are in one of the "at-risk" groups, you should still receive the vaccine.

Since the flu is caused by different viruses, the immunity that you naturally developed protects you only against one of them – you could catch another strain, so it is recommended to take the vaccine even if you have recently had flu. What you thought was flu could also have been something else.

• It is not too late to get the flu vaccine in November

You must take the flu vaccine offer when it is available, with the best time to get it from the beginning of October to the end of November.

• Vitamin C can not prevent the flu

Many people think that taking daily vitamin C supplements will prevent them from getting flu, but there is no evidence to prove this.