Emma Carton at 7:54 am September 14, 2018.
(Updated at 14.49 hours 14 September 2018)
The first confirmed case was a patient who visited a naval base in the duchy who traveled here from Nigeria.
Monkey smallpox is normally distributed from animals to humans and cases have been reported in 26 of the country's 36 states.
"Since the re-emergence of the monkey pox in Nigeria in September 2017, NCDC has received reports and responded to cases of disease from states across the country.
"Between September 2017, when the outbreak began and on August 31, 2018, a total of 262 suspect cases were reported from 26 states.
"Of these, 113 have been confirmed in 16 states with seven deaths. The largest number of cases has been reported by states in the South-South region of Nigeria.
"Following the recent report of the two cases in the UK, the NCDC has collaborated with the UK public health agency Public Health England (PHE), the public health departments in the affected states and other partners in Nigeria to investigate these cases.
"The NCDC has also worked closely with states across the country to strengthen the surveillance and detection and control of cases of monkey pox."
The Nigeria Center for Disease Control
Public health England says that there is none UK link between the patient diagnosed in Cornwall, who is currently receiving care at the Royal Free in London and the second case in Lancashsire.
"We know that Nigeria experienced a major outbreak of apnotes in September 2017 and sporadic cases have since been reported.
"It is probable that monkey pox will continue to circulate in Nigeria and therefore can attract travelers returning from this part of the world.
However, it is very unusual to see two cases in such a relatively short time.
"We are working hard to contact individuals, including health professionals, who may have come into contact with the individual to provide information and health advice".
Dr. Nick Phin, deputy director, National Infection Service at Public Health England
"It is important to emphasize that monkeypox does not spread easily between people and the overall risk to the general public is very low" – read our news report on confirmed cases of monkeypox in England: https://t.co/IBLmrfQ92r
– Public Health England (@PHE_uk) September 13, 2018
What do we know about monkey pugs?
The first symptoms are fever, headache, muscle pain, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills and exhaustion.
Rashes can develop, often starting on the face, and then spread to other parts of the body. The result changes and goes through several stages before eventually a crust occurs, which later decreases.
Some people, however, can become seriously ill. Up to one in ten of the infected people in Africa died, according to studies.
There is currently no approved treatment for monkey pox, although health officials say that the vaccine against smallpox is believed to give some immunity to the disease.
"We treat a patient who has tested positive for monkeypox and is provided by our specialized unit for infectious and tropical diseases, by highly trained staff who have experience with various infectious diseases.
"All necessary precautions are taken by specialized personnel and there is currently no risk for other staff, patients or visitors.
"We ask that people continue to use our services and that people only come to our emergency department if their condition is serious and / or there is an emergency".
Dr. Mike Beadsworth, clinical director of the Tropical and Infectious Diseases Unit