& # 39; Toxic & # 39; masculinity impairs boys, top psychologists say

& # 39; Toxic & # 39; masculinity impairs boys by encouraging them not to cry, top psychologists say. American Psychological Association says that many male characteristics can lead to violence. The traditional masculinity ideology of Argues & # 39; pushes boys in the direction of & # 39; anti-femininity & # 39; Critics last night accused the authors of "anti-male rhetoric" in response to reporting

Julie Henry For The Mail on Sunday

8:56 PM EST, January 12, 2019

10:05 pm EST, January 12, 2019

Traditional masculinity is poisonous and encouraging boys not to cry is dangerous to their health, according to the world's leading psychology group. In the first official guidelines on the treatment of men and boys, the influential American Psychological Association says many male characteristics, including stoicism, competitiveness, dominance and aggression are harmful and can lead to violence, depression and suicide. The argument is that this & # 39; traditional masculinity ideology & # 39; boys in the direction of anti-femininity & # 39; pushes and forces them to mask weakness and at the same time taking risks, aggression and violence as a means of solving problems.

Traditional masculinity is poisonous and encouraging boys not to cry is dangerous to their health, according to the world's leading psychology group (stock image). As a result, it limits the psychological development of men, limits their behavior, causes & # 39; gender role strain & and has a negative impact on their mental and physical health. But critics have accused the report of taking an anti-male stance, that traditional masculine values ​​like & # 39; almost monstrous & # 39; describes. The report paints a picture of generations of boys under constant pressure from society to adapt to masculine expressions censored by their parents and peers if they do not maintain the expected behavior. The authors say that transgender issues are at the forefront of cultural conversation & # 39 ;, with evidence that suggests a link between observing rigid masculinity in homosexual, bisexual and transgender men and higher rates of self-destructive behavior, such as drug use. The APA is considered a leading authority on psychological matters. The manual of mental disorders is considered the Bible of mental illness and is being consulted by British psychologists and health experts. Although the controversial guide was in the making for years, the publication in the aftermath of the # MeToo movement against sexual harassment and sexual violence is a prevailing story about the dangers of traditional masculinity.

Critics last night accused the authors of anti-male rhetoric & # 39; (stock image) Last night, critics accused the authors of anti-male rhetoric & # 39 ;. Frank Furedi, emeritus professor of sociology at the University of Kent, said: "Suddenly, the reluctance of some men to cry on the question is rearranged as pathology. This is not a scientifically founded document, it is an ideologically directed attempt to devalue male identity. "Professor Chris Ferguson, a colleague from the APA, complained that the guidance read as an activist's agenda and said," & # 39; In sweeping terms, traditional men are depicted as almost monstrous, their cultural values ​​associated with everything from sexism to promiscuity, to their own diminishing health. But psychologist Ryon McDermott, who helped in drafting the report, said the profession was needed to help men detach themselves from masculine rules that did not help them and focus on potentially positive aspects of masculinity, such as courage and leadership . And Dr. Glenn Wilson, a British psychologist and author of The Great Sex Divide, said: "Male-female differences are not socially constructed, they have early evolutionary origins. & # 39; Male and female type characteristics have both advantages and disadvantages. For example, psychopathy increases the chance of crime, but is useful in the fight. "Students 'initials have moved into a transgender A top university has dropped students' initials into e-mail addresses because they can be" problematic "for transgenders who change their name A spokesperson for the University of Bristol explained : • John Smith arriving in 2018 may have received the username js18123. & # 39; In the new schedule, it starts with any two letters except & # 39; js & # 39 ;. & # 39; The newest step in the higher education system to satisfy transgender Proponents of rights follow the installation of sex-neutral toilets and advice to check students' pronouns & # 39; Professor Alan Smithers of Buckingham University called the step & # 39 An absurd over-reaction & # 39; But Bristol University said: "Concerns expressed by trans staff and students who may have switched that their log-in remains linked to their for more ide ntity. & # 39;

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