In clear words, Chancellor Merkel demanded a decisive battle against hate Jews, xenophobia and exclusion on the anniversary of the pogroms in November. The AfD was released.
Chancellor Angela Merkel described the memory of the pogroms of November 80 years ago as a constant task. During a memorial service in the Rykestraße Synagogue in Berlin she insisted on drawing the right conclusions from the exclusion of people, against racism and anti-Semitism. This is not only a task on a day of commemoration such as November 9, but always.
"Let's all work every day with the understanding of today that something like 80 years will never happen again," she said. Merkel drew a line of events from the day to the present: even now people lived in a time of profound change with rapid technological change. At such times there was a great danger that those who answered with simple answers to the challenges would be fed.
The Chancellor has historically ranked the pogroms in November: the events were a signpost "to the collapse of the civilization of the Shoah" with six million killed Jews; but they also had a history. "I am convinced that we can only draw the right lessons if we understand the pogroms of November 1938 as part of a process," emphasized Merkel.
Merkel warned against hatred of the Jews in Germany and called for determined action against racism, xenophobia and exclusion.
Clear positioning against the AfD
Representatives of Judaism, the federal government, the Bundestag, churches and society took part in the commemoration. The Central Council for Jews had explicitly not invited representatives of the AfD. The chairman of the central council, Josef Schuster, criticized the party as a "spiritual arsonist" who had perfected the attack against refugees, Muslims and Jews.
"They exploit the courageous resistance fighters of the White Rose for their own purposes, challenge the victims and survivors of the Shoah by relativising Nazi crimes, destroying history and destroying our memory culture," Schuster said in his speech. "It would have been intolerable for the Jewish community, 80 years after the pogrom night, to know representatives of this party among us," Schuster said.
The former chairman of the Central Council for Jews, Charlotte Knobloch, demanded more engagement against anti-Semitism and attacked the AfD verbally. "This party has so far only proved that it affects democracy, that it puts pressure on freedom of speech and that it has begun a true hatred of the Jews," she said in the joint Morning Magazine by ARD and ZDF,
"This all belongs together"
Wolfgang Schäuble, the former federal executive, in his speech in the Reichstag, which on November 9th was called the "fateful day of the Germans". "On this date our recent history has condensed into its ambivalence, with its contradictions and contradictions." One thing is inseparable: "The tragic and the luck, the futile attempt and the success, the joy and the guilt: this all belongs together."
Schäuble called for never again to jeopardize peace and freedom and warned against growing anti-Semitism. Recent attacks on people of the Jewish faith have shown how necessary their special protection is still in the 21st century. "The varnish of civilization is thin."
A lot of caesura on 9 November
On November 9, 1938, the National Socialists conducted Reich-wide pogroms against Jews. Thus began the persecution and destruction of the Jewish population.
But November 9 also means a happy break in German history: 100 years ago, Social Democrat Philipp Scheidemann proclaimed the first German republic in Berlin. With the opening of the GDR on November 9, 1989, the peaceful unification of the two German states was paved the way.