All about Amendment 2, the medical marijuana proposal approved in Missouri on Tuesday - Springfield News-Leader


Here are the results of key races and ballot measures of the Nov. 6 midterm election.

More than two decades after California first made medical marijuana legal in the United States, Missouri voters have decided to follow suit. It is the 31st state to adopt medical marijuana.

1. What's the deal with medical marijuana in Missouri right now?

Ahead of Tuesday's election, state-level and national polls showed majorities or voters favored medical marijuana.

On election day, Missouri had three options on the ballot.

Voters overwhelmingly liked Amendment 2, a constitutional change supported by New Approach Missouri.

Amendment 2 legalizes growing, manufacturing, selling and consuming marijuana and marijuana products for medicinal use at the state level. (Marijuana remains a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law.)

Prospective patients and primary caregivers will be able to apply for identification signaling and be able to receive and prescribe medical marijuana, respectively.

People wanting to grow, manufacture or sell marijuana products will apply for separate licenses.

Amendment 2 taxes marijuana sales to patients at 4 percent. Proceeds would fund veterans healthcare. Amendment 2 allows home-growing or marijuana: Patients could grow up to six plants; caretakers, up to 18.

Results: Who won the election? Winners from Springfield and Missouri include Josh Hawley

Full election results: See how everyone fared in all the area races

2. When can I get a prescription?

It's not totally clear yet, but here's our best estimate.

3. What about recreational marijuana?


Jack Cardetti, a spokesman for Amendment 2, said as much as speaking before the election.

"All Amendment 2 does," Cardetti said, "is a doctor to recommend medical marijuana to patients with debilitating illnesses. It does not speak to recreational marijuana at all. "


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4. What do local law enforcement leaders say about all this?

In general, they're not fans.

In early September, Springfield Police Chief Paul Williams said, "The Missouri Police Chiefs Association has consistently opposed the legalization of marijuana, and that position, which I am a president of, has not changed."

Just before the election, Williams told journalist Heather Lewis with KOLR / Ozarks that the Springfield Police Department does not take a position. "Our role is to enforce the laws in place," said the chief. "Whether we agree or disagree, that's immaterial."

Greene County Sheriff Jim Arnott told Lewis "it's a huge thing" if Missouri voters pass medical marijuana. Like Springfield police, Arnott said that he has been studying the issue for some time.

Arnott said he attended a professional conference talk from a sheriff from Colorado. Voters in that state added medical marijuana in 2000, then added recreational marijuana 12 years later.

That state, Arnott said, has experienced unintended consequences as far as recreational pot use fueling an increase in driving under the influence, "theft and armed robbery" or grow operations, and other issues.

"It's child of a scary situation when you listen to a sheriff with experience with it," Arnott said.

Again, recreational marijuana use in the Show-Me State is not legal, and Amendment 2 did not make it legal.

5. Do not the feds have a thing or two to say about marijuana?

Yes. It's still illegal under federal law. Federal officials currently serving in the Trump administration, such as Attorney General Jeff Sessions, have opposed marijuana reform in general.

Gil Mobley, a physician with ties to both Springfield and Seattle, Washington, where medical marijuana is legal, has been in favor of medical marijuana for years.

He told the News-Leader that health systems can be extremely reluctant for their physicians to prescribe medical marijuana where it is legal. Reasons include the fact that marijuana remains a controlled substance under federal law.

Often, patients are referred to independent physicians, he said.

"These oncologists are contacting me to (write a prescription) because they work for (a large Washington state health system)," Mobley said.

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