This week, a remark by Federal Finance Minister Olaf Scholz made it sound: Where the federal government could solve problems with his land, he would do the same.
This is new – so far, the federal government ironed over its properties.
By Mike Szymanski, Berlin
It is not exactly the most modest place that Christoph Krupp has chosen to talk about affordable apartments: the Kronprinzenpalais in Berlin. A lavish magnificent building on the street Unter den Linden. Krupp, 59 years old, does not want to state that. The palace now belongs to the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks, the Bima. Their executive spokesman is Krupp since the beginning of the month. The Bima manages the federal properties, the Kronprinzenpalais is one of nearly 20 000th In a side wing, the institution headquartered in Bonn has a few modest office space.
From outside, construction noise penetrates into the room. The windows still open Krupp. Just as if the noise was music in his ears. Krupp's success will actually have to be measured by how many construction cranes have turned during his time at the head of the Bima. Housing shortages are one of the pressing problems of the time. Of course, the question remains as to what the federal government can contribute to solving it.
This week, a remark by Federal Finance Minister Olaf Scholz (SPD) made it sound: The federal government could not solve all the problems with his land, said Scholz. But where he could do that, he would do that too. This was, so to speak, the work order to Krupp and the Bima, which also acts as landlord of about 36 000 apartments in addition to the land. Krupp should now make possible, what works.
It is about "all expendable real estate"
The Bundestag recently extended the legal framework. According to a new guideline, Bima will in future be able to reduce the price of "all expendable properties" and – in some cases even for free – to municipalities. "As Bima, we want to be a partner of the communities," says Krupp. "We are happy to talk to you about our properties."
These are completely new sounds. If municipalities wanted to get rid of federal government, then the Bima was from the point of view of many local politicians something of the final boss in a computer game. After a path full of obstacles, the Bima finally had to be defeated. Under Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU) held the Bima rather a hand on the properties. The Town Day complained that the institution was about maximizing profits.
Schaeuble was followed by Scholz. And with Christoph Krupp, this politician has a close confidant at the Bima peak, who pursues the same goals as him: "On land that still belongs to the Bima, municipal housing companies, independent housing companies and the Bima itself in the next five years building together tens of thousands of apartments, "Krupp announces.
Scholz and Krupp have known each other since 1998. Both were active in Hamburg's local politics. Scholz was district chairman of the SPD in Altona, Krupp was district chairman of the SPD in Bergedorf and later there district chiefs. When Scholz became First Mayor of Hamburg in 2011, he brought in Krupp as head of the Senate Chancellery. At that time, Scholz also started his housing program for Hamburg. At first 6000, then later 10 000 apartments per year should arise again. Scholz is now trying to get the problem of housing shortages under control at the federal level.
On the land prices should be below the local comparable rent
Of the almost 20,000 federal properties, 5,000 are considered "expendable". Wherever homes can actually be built, it's time to check. Where the Bima builds, but the prices are "as possible below the local comparative rent," as Krupp executes. Krupp also has a clear message regarding the sale of the properties: "We do not sell the highest bidder if we have the alternative in housing construction to build apartments that people can afford in the long term.
That's where I prefer to make my contribution to affordable housing, "says Krupp." For prosperity and growth in Germany, this is the better way than to put on the best price in the short term. "In metropolitan areas Krupp considers the prices to be" artificially inflated ". In his view, it would be a mistake to enter the state-owned properties at this "high price level" and even promote this development.
What this could lead to, he was able to study in Hamburg. "Nearly half of the citizens have an income there that entitles them to a social housing, but it can not be the case that the state has to subsidize housing for half of its citizens."
Krupp is convinced that it needs to get more involved in the industrial production of apartments. Finished floor plans, once approved building types – this saves time on approval. "It's not about the record, it's not about building cheaply, it's about optimizing processes," he says. But it is also a question of whether other, more individual building, is still possible given the shortage of skilled workers in construction and increased demand. "Does the economy manage to do that without mass-producing a part of the flats? We could not build cars in this quantity without industrialization," he says. In Hamburg, he would have already had good experiences.
The federal government may give away its building land as it were
Up to 100 percent discount: The federal government wants to provide cities and municipalities with building land at a lower cost. But not everyone reacts euphorically to this decision.
By Cerstin Gammelin and Mike Szymanski