KPD: Hundred Years of Division

One hundred years KPD! The left wanted to celebrate, the communist
Place of birth, in the red-red-green occupied Berlin House of Representatives. “Unworthy feast of the
Untouchables “were to be expected, the” faceless homage of the enemies of our democracy
and free society. “Burkard Dregger, the group leader of the Berlin
CDU, and demanded ban. He did not penetrate. The nefarious event took place. At the entrance
There was juice and champagne, then a two-hour seminar.

Dregger would have enjoyed it. The first speaker Manuela Schmidt, Vice President of the Berlin Parliament, spoke against the contempt for democracy of the KPD. The historian Ronald Friedmann called its actual date of foundation: The division of the workers’ movement began on 4 August 1914, when the SPD concluded with the Emperor “Burgfrieden” and granted the war credits. Left-wing federal executive Rhonda Koch recalled Rosa Luxemburg’s antiline party ideal: not cadres should rule, but masses of people to emancipate, from bottom to top, so that real life educates the party to “broad-minded humanity”.

Reminder: At the time of the German division, two party ideologies overpowered the Hidden Object of the Revolution of 1918-19. Both interpretations were deficient and tendentious; they contrasted with Germany and the GDR. According to the narrative of the SPD, the social-democratic government Ebert / Scheidemann / Noske donated the Weimar democracy and saved Germany from a Bolshevik dictatorship, as Lenin’s October coup had forced Russia to impose on Russia in 1917. According to the SED doctrine, the SPD sabotaged Germany’s revolutionary renewal in 1918. It fought with the feudal-militarist elites of the empire against the people, which therefore needed the KPD. “Who betrayed us, Social Democrats!”

Through KPD history, the SED regime legitimized itself as anti-fascist, beginning with the martyrdom of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, Every year in January “the people”, officially always 200,000 people, defiled to Berlin-Friedrichsfelde to the memorial of the socialists and honored “Karl and Rosa” at their graves. On January 17, 1988, a small group of civil rights activists disrupted the party service. The dissidents presented a banner with the Luxembourg quote: “Freedom is always freedom of dissenters”. To be sure, Rosa Luxemburg had only criticized Lenin’s commanding party “new type”. Rabiat seized the state power, arrested, dismissed, but the message was in the world. The Liebknecht-Luxemburg-Demonstration 1988 became the coffin nail of the GDR.

The ritual demo will continue to exist, soon on January 13, but completely changed. The grandees of left party commemorate in the morning, without trepidation, and donate probably also the new small memorial of the civil rights activists an offer. The big train comes later and delights scoffers and photographers with the oddities of the world revolution. Berlin’s Senator for Culture Klaus Lederer speaks of a “left sect carnival”. It is not the cause of the Left Party, says its spokesman Thomas Barthel. Certainly not when the riots propagated a “Liebknecht-Luxemburg-Lenin demo”.

This article is from the TIME no. 03/2019. Here you can read the entire issue.

Lenin stands for the century of totalitarianism, Rosa Luxemburg for it. German literature possesses a huge, astonishingly unknown novel that tells all the milieus of that epoch: Alfred Döblins
November 1918.
For the KPD memorial of the Left Party Raul Zelik presented three passages from it. Döblin, socialist and Christian, begins his four-volume world history in Alsace. After the collapse of the German western front, 600,000 Reichswehr men are hurriedly traced behind the future imperial borders. And then? Who resocializes them and the shattered state? The reader realizes that Ebert’s cooperation with Ludendorff’s successor, Wilhelm Groener, came from self-defense. The German defeat had been stopped Ebert. He hated the revolution “like sin”. He did not want a socialist Soviet republic, but social-democratic order, parliamentarism, elections to the National Assembly. For this he pacts with powers of the Restoration, who let him dance as a puppet. His Reichswehr Minister, the self-proclaimed “Bloodhound” Noske, was a prefascist figure. Terrible obstetricians had the Weimar democracy.

Karl and Rosa is called Döblin’s fourth volume. Karl Liebknecht, the high-pitched preacher, becomes tragically ironic, Rosa Luxemburg a mythical healer. Both are destroyed by bad free corps creatures. The “red pig” Liebknecht: popped backwards in the head and disposed of at the zoo. The “Judensau” Luxembourg: Shotguns butted in the face, shot in the temple, thrown into the Landwehrkanal. Heidewitzka, and now drunk!

Four and a half months later, on May 31, 1919, the sluice worker Knepel discovered a heavily decomposed drowned body.

It is honorable to commemorate these pre-democrats – as well as the millions and millions of victims of communism. The historian Marcel Bois recalled his terrible debt story. In the twenties the Thälmann KPD came to the Soviet curb. After Lenin’s death, the Stalin faction won in Moscow. The Soviet Union became a Holy Land, Marx, Engels, Lenin wrote their doctorate on religion. Parliamentarianism and democratic elections were bourgeois devils, SPD comrades to be combated “social fascists.” And then came Hitler. Thousands of Communists fled class indiscretions into Stalin’s realm, many died there.

Democracy and socialism belong together, summed up left-wing leader Bernd Riexinger. What bourgeois wisdom, dearly bought. Liebknecht and Luxemburg did not learn what horrors the “dictatorship of the proletariat” would commit. They ended at the beginning of the catastrophe of the 20th century. They denied the imperialist World War and unmasked the sacral nationalism in whose name the slaughter of nations took place, according to Luxembourg’s words: “Dividends are rising, and the proletarians are falling.” USPD, Spartakusbund, and finally the KPD, because the SPD betrayed its internationalism and allowed itself to be harnessed. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were Social Democrats, almost until the last day of their lives.