Japan: Undisturbed hunting for whales
Japan Prosperity would be unthinkable without cooperation with the US and its enormous
Export surplus. But the population is aging, the economy is stagnating. China is rising
Great power is on, and Japan is nervously searching for its place in the world. Economically divided
The country under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe therefore continues to enter the world community.
As Donald Trump withdrew from a free trade agreement among Pacific trainers, drifted
Abe instead a contract with the EU ahead.
Abe knows that his country needs the world to grow, but he sells it to the people
Motto: Retrieve Japan. So he took the slogans of Trump and the Brexit election campaign
anticipated and pretended the return to the boom of 1990. Apart from free trade, Abe points out
the nationalismFor example, in the media-effective approval of arms exports or in the
Dealing with immigrants, whose labor, but not their way of life, he brings into the country
wool. In December, Japan resigned from the International Whaling Commission. It had it before
the ban on minke whales, which has had a moratorium since 1986,
to suspend because they are no longer threatened with extinction. As the member countries
On the other hand, Japan took this as a justification to stay away from the institution. Formal
seen Japan is right, minke whales are no longer threatened. But the insistence on one's own
"Whaling culture" and the alleged importance of whale meat proteins for the
Security of supply reveals the populist nature of this action: For a long time eats in
Japan hardly anyone whale meat. The fishing industry is only alive with subsidies
held. From summer, the contractually then unbound Japan again commercial fishing. Felix Lill
Brazil: The rainforest is ours
The new Brazilian right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro and his foreign minister Ernesto Araújo enjoy isolationism. To take office, Araújo gave a confused speech full of ancient quotations and Bible references. He was against "globalism", his ministry existed "for Brazil, not for the global order". The same facts were created: the country withdrew from the UN migration pact and questioned the cooperation in the group of Brics emerging markets as well as in the South American trading bloc Mercosur. After all, Bolsonaro traveled to Davos for the World Economic Forum, the central gathering of globalization elites, which was considered a signal of moderation. There he spoke only in general, did not exhaust his speaking time and let the press conference burst.
The Bolsonaro government has undermined a plethora of environmental rules and protections for indigenous peoples and called for the economic development of the Amazon rainforest, which is important for the global climate. In many places, clashes between lumberjacks and indigenous people have been violently escalated.
But Bolsonaro's "We do not care what the world thinks" faction is not alone in the
Government: The other block is the military. Many are Bolsonaro's ministers and advisors, the
even Captain was. Connoisseurs of the political scene expect one for the coming years
Division of labor: Bolsonaro and his followers are knocking proverbs, the military heads
make politics. That could mitigate the foreclosure. The military tend to Realpolitik and
keep little of isolationism. There are already signs. The vice president general
Mourão questioned the suitability of Foreign Minister Araújo in an interview. And while
Bolsonaro was in Davos, his deputy received the German ambassador and entrepreneur
of the world. Thomas Fischermann
Russia: Foreign food undesirable
Sanctions have in Russia revived the agricultural protectionism. But there is no talk of the punitive measures imposed by the Western states against the Moscow government for the annexation of the Crimea and the war with Ukraine. Rather, it is about the import ban imposed by Vladimir Putin in 2014 on food from the EU and other Western countries. The sanctions hit the Russian population because they pushed up prices. But they were targeting the EU, which was Russia's biggest caterer before 2014.
Almost five years later, the Russian government is so enthusiastic about its own import ban that the president extended it until the end of 2019 – even before the West decided to extend its sanctions. Russia has been suffering from lean or no growth for years, and agriculture is one of the few bright spots. The importing country Russia has become an agricultural exporter within a few years under the protection of anti-EU sanctions. In 2017, Russia sold grain for more than $ 20 billion abroad. By comparison, Russian arms exports brought in just $ 16 billion. The dairy industry and the production of poultry and pork are also experiencing an upturn. Even tomatoes are grown in the south. Some agribusinesses now produce more than the Russians can consume. Russian state media are celebrating the new "autarky" and the fact that Russia, the "breadbasket of the world", is now exporting more wheat than the US.
The new protectionism so proudly fills the government that the Russian
Minister of Agriculture publicly wishes that the sanctions will be the next time around
be renewed for ten years. Michael Thumann