The fuel guide "yellow vests"

To disarm the rage of the motorists, without jumping the friends of the environment: it is the ungrateful mission that Emmanuel Macron has assigned to his government. While the "yellow vests" are planning to mobilize Saturday against rising fuel taxes, the management was asked to go "Much further" in the"Accompaniment" individuals. Presented on Wednesday morning by Edouard Philippe, several new measures will benefit some motorists and the most modest French, as well as the holders of an oil tank. Ads with uncertain effect, faced with a movement that seems to bundle all current fiscal dissatisfaction. According to a Wednesday ordered Elabe poll 73% of the French support the mobilization.

"Rises everywhere"

No question, did the Prime Minister maintain RTL, to return to the trajectory that the tax on fuels must expect to reach every year until 2022. The domestic tax on the consumption of energy products (TICPE) should generate 4 billion of sales by 2019. But 500 million euros of new aid, according to the quantification of Matignon, should increase the number of beneficiaries of the energy control, support the renewal of the fleet and disappear of oil boilers in 2027. .

Considered by the environmental NGOs as necessary but not sufficient, these announcements did not give rise to any gratitude from the spokesmen of the "yellow cardigans". The executive has "Do not understand the real motivation of the movement", judged by France Inter Julien Terrier, a Grenoble animator of the movement. "It's not just about rising fuel, we're going to wait for a response to taxes in general, increases everywhere, we're getting a side […] to take back the double, even the triple behind, he added.

To read tooFuel tax maintained, NGOs demand more

On the side of the opposition Thursday was also an attempt to extend the debate to the general government budget policy. "It is not just anger against the price of fuel that is rising, it is the anger of purchasing power"said Socialist MP Christophe Bouillon. For his part, the patron of Senators called Les Républicains, Bruno Retailleau, one "A general cheap tax". The expression, which was already used in 2013 by the Minister of Economy Pierre Moscovici, had characterized the past five years.

This change is transmitted in the majority by the president of Modem group, Patrick Mignola. The French "Are not allergic to ecological taxation, but for taxation at least"last week, the centrist decided. "If we are elected today, the first duty is to reduce taxes", he confirms, given that, "If we grow in the coming years, the tax savings will have to be used to lower the tax burden".

And propose, "Restore the family quotient as it was for François Hollande". The ceiling of this tax benefit was reduced twice in the previous five-year period. During his presidential campaign, Macron planned to re-evaluate it "If the public finances allow it".

Goal cut off

The decrease in compulsory contributions is, in proportion, the least substantial of the head of state budget commitments. The latter pledged to reduce government debt by 5 percentage points of GDP over the five-year period, public spending by 3 percentage points, the government deficit by 2 points and the mandatory tax by only one point of GDP. This last objective is even somewhat limited in the draft budget for 2019: according to the chosen route, the rate of the compulsory levy would increase from 45.3% in 2017 to 44.5% in 2022, a decrease of 0.8.

In the majority, some also recognize a questionable management of the tax calendar. By quickly scrapping the wealth tax and challenging some devices aimed at the most modest French – this is the case with the most important measures presented on Wednesday – the management has drawn attention to the two extremes of the tax scale. While more general measures, such as the abolition of housing tax, the reduction of premiums or their future relocation to overtime, came into effect later. Only from this autumn on they are highly perceptible.

What in the majority feeds the idea of ​​a new tax gesture to the middle class, at the end of the five-year period? The idea is not yet a recipe on the executive's side. "The abolition of the housing tax and the reduction of the contributions are already considerable movements, which we have not yet finished, explains Matignon. And when we reduce taxes, this must go hand in hand with a fall in spending, unavoidably unpopular. We do not therefore think of an escalation of the tax reduction because the state of the finances does not allow this. "

Dominique Albertini