Past the shoot of better being, usually recorded every year of presidential election, comes the time of the descent. The one recorded for 2018 is particularly abrupt. This is what the new edition of the Mgen-Solidaris confidence and well-being barometer published on Tuesday means. For its third edition, this declarative study which recorded in September and October the feeling of 1076 representatives of the company interviewed on more than two hundred items, offers a dark social panorama.
A year after the election of Emmanuel Macron, the "deflation of the bubble" is at work, as the study highlights. "2017 had been a kind of democratic shoot with renewed confidence in the future. This thinning is over and this is particularly worrying, says Roland Berthilier president of the group Mgen. Playing with the aspirations of the French is dangerous. But to play also with people's disarray, you can lose big. "
If the well-being and confidence index, calculated from six dimensions (objective living conditions, physical and mental health, self-image, relationship to others and quality of relationships), only decreases by 0.8 points compared to the 2017 study, the drop is particularly marked in certain categories of the population. This is the case for women, whose perception of gender inequalities (work, earnings …) is more marked than before, as is their perception of a deterioration in their physical health. Ditto for 40-59 years, who consider that their living conditions have deteriorated, as for pensioners, whose relationship to society is at half-mast. No doubt a consequence of the measures taken by the majority which are unfavorable to them (de-indexation of their pensions, increase of the CSG …).
Even drop out among the uneducated or under-educated, whose feeling of exclusion increases severely between 2017 and 2018. As for the rural people, they clearly have the feeling of getting out less well than the urban ones with regard to their incomes, their mobility (transport) and their access to healthcare and health. Hence also a strong feeling of exclusion.
More generally, "inequalities are deemed unbearable by all categories of the population. The feeling of not being listened to is also preponderant. Confidence in intermediary bodies is declining, "says Delphine Ancel, from the Solidaris Institute. If mistrust of political parties, government officials, unions as well as companies or banks already rubbed the lowest in previous barometers, it now also touches intermediate bodies such as Social Security, mutuals and associations who escaped until then. Confidence in our democracy is also weakening. And the local, the family, are more than ever safe havens and the last places of civic engagement. All this translates into a widespread feeling of evolving in a compartmentalized society that no longer offers the hope of living better than our elders.
"This barometer is worrying and could have been premonitory of the movement of yellow vests if it had been published in September and October, at the time of its realization, says the sociologist Michel Viewiorka. It shows that we must not talk about economic, social, environmental, but change: we do not know what world we go to, but these changes have already left their mark. Hence the overall finding of a loss of confidence. "
"The end of a cycle is always violent. This one is made in a great social violence, admits Jean-Pascal Labille, secretary general of Solidaris. The old world is dying, but the new trouble is coming. People are in defiance of all that constitutes the framework of our social state. We will have to deal with social issues at the root. Otherwise, the daring anger will go to the wrong answers identity. It is therefore towards a new social and environmental pact that we should orient ourselves. "