Russia's city-shattering supertone Avangard is almost ready to take off

The Russian Ministry of Defense has done everything to promote a number of new super weapons that are currently under development.

President Putin unveiled a catalog of doomsday scenarios as part of his annual State of the Nation & # 39; speech in March 2018.

However, questions remain about the true nature of their abilities, how far the development of the weapons really is and when they are ready for battle.

RS-28 Sarmat ICBM

The RS-28 Sarmat is intended to replace the Soviet-designed SS-18 Voyevoda, the world's toughest ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile).

It is known as & # 39; Satan & # 39; in the West and has 10 nuclear warheads.

Sarmat can detonate ten large thermonuclear warheads, 16 smaller ones or a combination of both, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Each warhead is said to be able to target another goal.

The hypersonic glide vehicle, called Avangard, is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) before it sails on top of the atmosphere to reach its target. Russia tested its newest IBM, the Sarmat rocket (photo) for the first time last year

The (ICBM) weapons can hit targets through both the North and the South Pole.

TV channel Zvezda, which is run by the Russian Ministry of Defense, has previously claimed that the missile can destroy areas of Texas or France.

He can also transport up to 24 of the new Avangard hypersonic sliding vehicles from Russia, designed to sit on top of an ICBM.

Putin says both guns are ready for battle in 2020.

Avangard Hypersonic Glide Vehicle

It is also thought that Russia is developing a hypersonic weapon that can break even the most advanced missile defense systems in the world.

The Avangard vehicle with hypersonic glides apparently travels at 20 times the speed of the sound and can reach targets anywhere in the world within half an hour.

The vehicle is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile or ICBM before it floats on top of the atmosphere to the target.

It is loaded with advanced countermeasure systems that allow it to turn around the latest generation of missile defense systems, Russia claims.

The vehicles are equipped with counter-measures against board that can avoid even the most advanced missile defense systems. The impression of this artist shows how the glider could maneuver at high speed to bypass missile defenses

The gliders are also very unpredictable due to their maneuverability, making them almost impossible to follow with conventional systems.

Each weapon can be loaded with a warhead, but military experts say that the speed of the vehicles means they can do damage even without an explosive charge.

Putin described his hypersonic arsenal as & # 39; invincible & # 39; during a state-of-the-nation address in March 2018.

He claimed that Avangard & # 39; hits like a meteorite, like a fireball & # 39; and is able to achieve goals with 20 times the speed of the sound.

With this speed the weapon could orbit around the earth in a little more than half an hour.

Neil Gibson, senior weapons analyst for Jane's IHS Markit, told MailOnline: "I think the ability of hypersonic systems to beat the air defense system is exaggerated.

& # 39; They have pros and cons as with any other weapon system.

It is a fact that the vast majority of ballistic missiles are hypersonic anyway, it is the controlled flight that is still hypersonic and what we are talking about here.

& # 39; When they are nuclear armed, they just get in a position of & # 39; mutually destroyed destruction & # 39 ;. Using it is of course always possible.

Conventional armed versions will be used earlier, although any confusion with what they carry – nuclear or conventional warhead – could trigger an exchange of nuclear weapons if it is mistaken for a nuclear attack. & # 39;

Kinzhal Hypersonic Air launched missile

Another new rocket, the hypersonic Kinzhal, travels ten times faster than the sound, says Putin.

It is currently being tested in the south of Russia.

The hypersonic Kinzhal rocket is launched from a MiG-31 jet fighter at high altitude and can be equipped with nuclear or conventional weapons.

This still shows the hypersonic Kinzhal, which is ten times as fast as the sound and is currently being tested in Southern Russia.

It has an effective range of 1,250 miles (2,000 km), although Putin claims that his total range is in fact & # 39; unlimited & # 39; is.

Russia has already carried out 350 training missions with the military unit in charge of testing the Kinzhal.

Putin claims that the new missile is able to & # 39; go anywhere in the world & # 39; and that the high speed and maneuverability allowed to pierce every missile defense.

Despite the great promises made by Putin, however, the rocket has been able to remain in the air for only a few minutes, according to US intelligence sources.

The new rocket has been reportedly tested four times between November and February and crashed every time.

Burevestnik nuclear powered cruise missile

The burevestnik or thunderbird, the nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles, aims to provide them with unlimited range and unlimited ability to maneuver & # 39; to give, according to Sergey Pertsev, a developer.

Defense officials said in July 2018 that work on the missile with unrestricted scope goes according to plan.

Images claimed to show the rocket in action, although it is unclear whether it was powered by nuclear or conventional fuel.

The & Burevestnik & # 39; Nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles, pictured, reportedly has "unlimited range and limitless ability to maneuver & # 39;

• Launch systems are also designed, while technological processes to produce, assemble and test the rocket are being upgraded, "said one official at the time.

However, experts have criticized the rocket, including Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear expert from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.

He told Vice & # 39; s motherboard: "The nuclear powered cruise missile is new – and bats are not crazy."

Poseidon Drone Submarine

The submarine Poseidon drone is a sister project for burevestnik.

It is essentially a huge torpedo with nuclear resources capable of carrying a nuclear warhead of two megatons capable of destroying military ports.

The Posedidon torpedo sub of the Kremlin is designed to "hostile naval bases & # 39; to destroy and can cover up to 70 knots (80 miles per hour), he claims.

The Russian state agency TASS says it has not been able to confirm the details of the weapon.

The submarine of the Poseidon drone – with a miniature nuclear propulsion system – exhibits a static test

However, it quoted a military source by saying: & # 39; It is possible to have different nuclear loads on the & # 39; torpedo ™ of the multipurpose Poseidon sea system, with the thermonuclear single warhead similar to the Avangard cargo to have the maximum capacity of up to two megatons in TNT equivalent. & # 39;

With its atomic bomb, the weapon is primarily designed to destroy fortified naval bases of a potential enemy.

Peresvet Combat Laser System

Named after a medieval warrior monk, very little is known about this system.

Many believe that Peresvet is a fastening system that is worn on the backs of military trucks, which can be used to transport optical electronic equipment in hostile vehicles to & # 39; blind & # 39; using a laser beam.

According to ex-Russian Deputy Minister of Defense Yuri Borisov, the combat laser systems & # 39; that Putin, in his State of the Nation speech in March, had already spoken to the nation's armed forces.

Many believe that Peresvet is a fastening system that is worn on the back of military trucks (pictured), which can be used to transport optical electronic equipment in hostile vehicles. using a laser beam

Once found in fiction, Mr Borisov said that such devices are now a very real and necessary tool for modern warfare.

"We can talk about laser weapons for a long time and movies have been written about it and there are fantastic books written and everyone knows about this," Borisov said in comments that were translated by the state-run Tass Russian News Agency.

But the fact that these systems have begun to enter is indeed the reality of today. & # 39;