Why did the elephant bird disappear? Early people can not be the culprit

Why did the elephant bird disappear? Early people can not be the culprit

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Madagascar is a large island, but relatively isolated, about 260 miles from the African coast. Thanks to the inaccessibility, it was long thought that Madagascar was discovered late by humans and produced a "lost world" for a unique endemic megafauna, such as the giant cove and the world's largest bird, the elephant bird. Aepyornis maximus.

Elephant bird eggs.D.Bressan

The first established human settlements date from the year 500. Shortly thereafter, the fire frequency in the central highlands increased, because people used fire to remove the forests. An increase in grass pollen on the entire island around the year 1000 shows that pastures for cattle now replace the forests. Around the year 1500, the first Europeans set foot on Madagascar. When people attacked the forests and hunted animals, the endemic megafauna quickly died.

In 2008, the rumors about the discovery of dinosaur bones led the anthropologist Patricia Wright to Ilakaka, in the south-central part of the island. Ilakaka was once a quiet rural village, but after the discovery of important gem deposits in the subsurface, what was once a quiet rural village was transformed into a thriving "Wild West" city, with an estimated 30,000 inhabitants and hundreds of newcomers every day. . The alleged dinosaur bones, discovered by chance while searching for sapphires, are actually bones of giant elements, hippos, giant turtles, crocodiles and elephant birds.

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