Although the Special Rapporteur on the economic, social, cultural and environmental rights (Redesca) of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH), Soledad García Muñoz, is concerned about the redundancies of government workers in Nicaragua, the regime continues to apply measure as a mechanism of retaliation.
The physiotherapist at the Masaya Alejandro Jarquín Argüello hospital and an official from the Ministry of Education were the last two cases of dismissed victims of the regime reported to human rights organizations.
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The medical union is one of the worst affected, followed by the education sector, usually university teachers. And although those involved appeal to human rights organizations, they are increasingly afraid to file their public complaints.
The lawyer of the Permanent Commission on Human Rights (CPDH), José Antonio López, explained yesterday that those affected say they are afraid that the Ortega police will arrest them together with the paramilitaries because they have sued their case. Lopez explained that in the case of the civil servant who was dismissed by Mined, she provided professional services as responsible for accountability, whose position was paid by the World Bank. However, Lopez said, at the request of the political secretary of the sector, the Mined ordered to stop, to guarantee that position to a member of the Ortega.
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To date, there are no official data on the actual number of redundant government employees. Until last September, the IACHR rapporteur registered at least 300 dismissals.
In the meantime, the CPDH provided at least 78 complaints of employees who had appealed to the labor courts for these data and eight to ten new cases so far in October.
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In most cases, the process was abnormal and without any reason and, according to what Lopez knew, some because they refused to participate in the demonstrations of the ruling party.
Until last week, Special Rapporteur Soledad García Muñoz had not yet received a response from the regime to a request for official information on the subject of redundancies in state institutions.
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García is particularly interested in information about health systems, education and the guarantee of respect for the rights of workers in Nicaragua.
Another point that also worries him and that, he trusted, is to coordinate efforts with the special monitoring mechanism for Nicaragua (Meseni) and hopes with the support of the Nicaraguan authorities; is related to the situation of university autonomy, teachers and teachers "who also go through situations that concern us and we give the greatest possible follow-up that we can."
Think of obligations
García recalled that there is a set of international obligations that the State of Nicaragua must take into account when implementing these redundancies and "in management and the way to position itself for the international system", as it was part of the letter. of the Organization of American States (OAS). He also said that the Nicaragua state has signed the American Declaration of the San José pact, which underlines in Article 26 the gradual development of economic, social and cultural rights and is also part of the San Salvador pact.
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Garcia said that before the crisis last April, which led to the Commission's visit to the country in which it participated, "we have followed with concern, for example, the announcements (of reforms) of the security system. .
The protests in Nicaragua began on 18 April after announced reforms of the Social Security Act, which were then suspended. The attack on the participants in a sit-in on the Carretera a Masaya was the last drop before the social explosion that had been going on for six months.
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During the first country visit by the Commission, García said that he found the existence of very disturbing patterns in terms of social rights, especially with regard to the right to health, which enabled him to confirm that "both civil and political rights the lawsuit. "
This is because García visited several hospitals, mortuaries, the Institute for Legal Medicine (IML), including: "I could personally verify, interview many people, families, children who had bullets that were still in their bodies and who had not received the necessary medical attention. "
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To this he adds that he also remarked "how doctors, volunteers, firefighters were confronted with innumerable obstacles to carry out their work, including dismissal threats, dismissal threats made in the course of time, making money."
Stand on request
The rapporteur of IACHR Soledad García Muñoz took the opportunity to urge the State of Nicaragua to respond to its requests. "It would be very important for the mandate, as for the Commission, to have a continuous dialogue with the state and with the Nicaraguan authorities," said Garcia.
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García stressed the importance for this rapporteur to be attended by the authorities of the State of Nicaragua. This "to receive all the information necessary for the monitoring and protection of human rights that we have entrusted in the framework of the international commitments entered into in Nicaragua, both with respect to civil and political rights and in economic, social and economic cultural rights ".
In the country report, the IACHR noted the consequences for the right to health, the lack of attention "in accordance with the international health standards of the people who protested and were oppressed."
Ask for a quick solution
The Special Rapporteur on economic, social, cultural and environmental rights (Redesca) of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH), Soledad García Muñoz, expressed her solidarity with the people of Nicaragua. And he said he will continue to monitor the situation of public employees. "With the hope to contribute as much as possible to an early solution of this situation, to improving the living conditions of the Nicaraguan population, and of course to stopping violence and repression against a right to protest," he said.