Germany remembers pogroms in turbid climate

The night of 9 to 10 November 1938 marks the discrimination of the Jews to their persecution and then their extermination in Nazi Germany.

Angela Merkel during her speech at the synagogue in Rykestrasse, Berlin, on 9 November.

Eighty years later the emotion is still alive. Germany commemorates the Kristallnacht Friday, November 9, these pogroms and murders announcing the extermination of the Jews. A tribute all the more sensitive that this year intervenes in a climate of renewed anti-Semitism and the emergence of a "New nationalism"which disturbs the political situation in the country.

Many events were organized throughout the territory. From the largest synagogue in Berlin, Chancellor Angela Merkel remembered that "The state must act consistently against exclusion, anti-Semitism, racism and right-wing extremism". The leader, completely dressed in black, pointed to those who "Respond with so-called simple answers to problems" of the current era – a reference to the rise of populism and extreme right in Germany and in Europe.

In this Nazi desecrated place of worship, the president of the central Jewish council, Josef Schuster, went even further by appealing to the extreme right-wing party Alternative for Germany (AfD), which has been in the Bundestag for a year. , qualifying its members as"Moral arsonists".

Some executives of this party have made controversial statements about the Holocaust and the remembrance duty in Germany. They also hold an Islamophobic speech, mainly aimed at the hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers who have arrived in the country since 2015. Mr. Schuster described it "Shame for our country" attacks against Jews, but also against Muslim refugees.

Planned by the Nazi state

"We feel in our society (…) that deepen the ditches "warned German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier earlier in the Chamber of Deputies. One hundred years after the Friday, after the proclamation of the first German Republic, two days before the Armistice of the Great War, the Head of State noted that in Europe "New nationalism" nostalgic, according to him, of"A perfect old world that never really existed". The head of state laughed at the deputies, including that of the extreme right party AfD, the "Language of hatred" who is looking for "Scapegoats" among migrants, since 2015 welcomed in large numbers in Germany, and Muslims.

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Nazism as a background

Heavy words of significance eighty years later, there also to this day, the dismissals by the Nazis of thousands of synagogues and companies held by Jews in Germany and Austria. For historians, the night of 9 to 10 November 1938 marks the transition from discrimination of Jews to their persecution, then their extermination.

"I held my father's hand, I saw the synagogue on fire and asked," Why do not the firefighters come? "I got no answer»said Charlotte Knobloch, former chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, on German television ZDF. The propaganda then claims that it is an outburst of spontaneous violence after the murder of a diplomat in Paris. But it was actually planned by the Nazi state.

1,400 anti-Semitic acts per year

Many Germans commemorate that night by polishing or laying flowers Stolpersteinethousands of small copper paving stones embedded in the sidewalk to identify the victims and their address. In 2017 plaques were stolen, which aroused the fear of a revival of anti-Semitism, a notorious reality for a country whose identity was based on repentance for the Holocaust. A new form of anti-Semitism for Germany also regularly appears in the newspaper, the news that has been lent to Arab-Muslim migrants who have been streaming since 2015.

Concern continues to grow in the German Jewish community of about 200,000 people. The number of anti-Semitic crimes and offenses has remained stable in police statistics, with about 1,400 registered cases per year since 2015. More than 90% of cases are attributed to the extreme right.

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