Tokyo / New YorkThe US and the government in North Korea are preparing a second summit between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. White House spokeswoman, Sarah Sanders, announced this in Washington this Monday. Trump received a letter from Kim asking for a second meeting, she said.
The letter was very positive and cordial. We are already examining how a meeting can be planned. "It is something that we want it to take place and we are already working to make this possible," Sanders said. A decision had not yet been made, she emphasized. According to Sanders, a copy of the letter will not be released without permission from Pyongyang.
This seems to be moving again in the stalled negotiations between the US and North Korea on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. It was not until the end of August that Trump canceled a planned visit by his foreign minister Mike Pompeo in the short term. As a reason, Trump at that time stated that he was not satisfied with the previous results of the talks. After the cancellation, the US had even threatened to resume suspended military maneuvers with South Korea should diplomatic progress continue.
In recent weeks, however, Kim continued to indicate the willingness to talk. Last week he confirmed not only his continued commitment to the agreements in the joint statement signed by Trump and Kim during their historic summit meeting in Singapore in June. According to the negotiators of South Korea, Kim also wants to realize denuclearization during the term of Trump, which is practically the next two years.
Trump seemed more gracious. Another incentive seems to have been Kim's decision to give up threatening gestures on Sunday, on the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the state.
For example, Trump's spokeswoman Sanders pointed out that the military parade did not present the nuclear arsenal of the communist state. This was the case with previous parades. Trump had praised North Korea on Sunday.
A surprise is the willingness of Trump for experts not. "Since the Pompeo-July meeting in North Korea the wind is blowing in this direction," says Ankit Panda, a commentator for The Diplomat magazine. North Korea had made it very clear that only joviality between the leaders could reduce the blockade.
The problems remain the same. Even Bruce Klingner, North Korea expert from the Heritage Foundation, a conservative American think tank, says: "The US and North Korea remain far apart in defining seemingly simple terms such as" denuclearization "and" & # 39; " 39; Korean peninsula & # 39 ;. "
The US means negotiating a nuclear disarmament of the North. North Korea seems to promise disarmament in the eyes of many North Korean connoisseurs, as in the past, when the entire peninsula is free from threatening potential, that is, American forces.
The main criticism of Trump is therefore that he was unable to demand clarity in writing at his summit. Instead, he drew a vague statement that largely took over the language rules of North Korea.
Critics also believe that Kim wants to draw concessions from Trump through a personal meeting. Because Trump's position vis-à-vis North Korea seems more willing to compromise than that of the Washington office.
Without clear evidence of North Korea's desire for disarmament and clear rules for verifiable steps, a new summit would be premature, warns Klingner. The US must absolutely not agree with North Korea's proposal to end the war without significant progress in the field of disarmament, which the expert demands.
But perhaps the preparation of the summit now offers the opportunity to receive written commitments that have been omitted in Singapore, says James Schoff, East Asia expert on the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Because the experts agree: Denuclearization requires something that both parties have not shown so far: the willingness to actually disarm steps by North Korea and counter payments by the United States. The second summit of Kim and Trump could therefore already decide on the future of the negotiations.
Kim and Trump met for the first time on 12 June in Singapore for a historic summit. Then Trump explained the nuclear threat that North Korea had to offer.
However, the International Atomic Energy Agency has recently confirmed that North Korea makes no tangible efforts to reduce its nuclear arsenal. There was also skepticism in Trump's own government: Bolton accused North Korea of not taking concrete steps in the direction of nuclear disarmament in August.
With agency material