An average of 2.5 tons weighs a stone block, which was used for the construction of pyramids in ancient Egypt. To date, it is not fully understood how these blocks can be transported and stacked. Numerous theories have already been refuted. A new archaeological find now offers an important indication in the pyramid mystery.
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That slopes can be used in the construction of the pyramids is a widespread theory. A research team from the University of Liverpool and the Institut Francais d & # 39; Archeology Orientale (IFAO) has now succeeded in an antique alabaster quarry in Hatnub near the Egyptian city of Al-Minja. In Hatnub research has been done since the famous Egyptologist Howard Carter (1874-1939), who discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun.
The British-French team studied dozens of petroglyphs and drawings in Hatnub and discovered the remains of an approximately 4,500-year-old driveway from the time of the founding of the famous Giza pyramids. The petroglyphs helped determine the age of the driveway. It comes from the time of Pharaoh Cheops, who built the largest of the three pyramids of Giza.
Slope steeper than expected
On the left and right side of the driveway you can still see stairs with post holes. The special thing about it is that the stone blocks were probably pulled on a slope of up to 20 percent, with sleds and ropes – much steeper than previously thought possible. Because of the discovered post holes and stairs, the researchers assume that the workers from both sides could move the block and not only drag it as previously thought.
At the same time more power
The explanation of the scientists: the poles could have been used for a cable, with which the stone was moved from below. Moreover, employees could also come from the top. This allowed the work to be done much faster than previously thought. The researchers said: "The system we discovered simultaneously allows more people to exert force, which means you can use more power and move the blocks faster," he said. Egyptologist Roland Enmarch from the University of Liverpool's "Guardian".
Hatnub alabaster was used for soils, for coffins and statues. The researchers suspect, however, that this transport system was also used at the moment in the construction of the pyramids.
Village found from the time before the pharaohs
Only a few weeks ago, archaeologists have made a discovery from earlier times. They have excavated one of the oldest villages in the Egyptian Nile Delta. According to the Egyptian ministry of antiquities, this goes back to a time before the pharaohs. Animal bones and ceramics were discovered. The findings showed that there were already 5,000 before the established companies in the delta.