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Scientists told how they could detect the development of cancer with water

Scientists told how they could detect the development of cancer with water

Scientists from Spain are close to developing a more effective means for early detection of oncology, where water use is important.

As a researcher from the Institute of Biophysics, Emilio José Kokinero, two comparable variants of Tn antigens (which occur in 90% of cancer cases) that differ only in one amino acid, or serine or threonine, were studied.

– We saw that antigens behave differently in water. The Tn antigen associated with threonine thus assumes a rigid form in solution due to a water molecule. The reverse reaction takes place with the Tn antigen associated with serine. These differences are not observed in gas phase studies, says Emilio José Kokinero.

According to him, the ability to follow the evolution of the Tn molecule in this way will help to understand the extent to which cancer has developed, and to develop effective tools for early diagnosis of malignant processes.

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