The closure of the American government will be the longest in their history

The entrance to a campsite is closed on January 4 at the Joshua Tree National Park in California.
The entrance to a campsite is closed on January 4 at the Joshua Tree National Park in California. MARIO TAMA / AFP

the "Shut down" who paralyzes some of the US government federal administrations has become the longest in the history of the United States on the night of Friday 11 to Saturday 12 January and enters 22e day.

The record was broken on Friday night at midnight (6 am Saturday in Paris) and exceeded the 21 days of "Shut down" during the Clinton era in 1995-1996.

The tension was small, Donald Trump assured Friday that he did not want to explain it "So fast" the national emergency procedure and the senate have adjourned until Monday.

No compromise could be found between the Republican president who needs $ 5.7 billion to build his anti-migrant wall on the border with Mexico and the Democrats, strongly opposed to the project that is supposed to "Immoral"expensive and inefficient to combat illegal immigration.

Read also Donald Trump caught in his own obsession with "the wall"

800,000 federal officials without pay

"The easy way for me is to declare a national emergency"but "I'm not going to do it that fast, because it's up to Congress to do it"said Friday the tenant of the White House at a round table on border security. "What we are not trying to do now is the national emergency", he said after days of speculation about the use of such a procedure, granting exceptional powers to the president. The use of such a privilege would certainly have landed in a political-legal storm.

In Congress no compromise on the horizon and the Senate suspended its meeting on Friday afternoon. He will not meet again until Monday.

The consequences are very real. For the first time on Friday, the 800,000 federal government officials affected by the "Shut down" do not touch their salary. Half of them have ruled since December 22 "Non-essential"were placed on unpaid leave, while the other half was claimed. However, if most, paid every two weeks, received their check at the end of December, they will not touch their payday on Friday.

Read also In the United States, the shutdown begins to feel its negative effects

The House of Representatives has, however, approved by an overwhelming majority Friday a bill passed by the Senate, and guarantees federal workers that they will be paid back once. "Shut down" finished. It is now up to the president to announce it. This type of measure is customary in the United States when the country experiences such budget impulses. But it is not about the millions of contract workers who have also been affected.

Several major ministries, such as the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Justice or Transport, are being affected by the "Shut down". "More than 200,000 DHS employees – who are responsible for the protection of our airspace, waterways and borders – will not be (directly) paid while they work"condemned Bennie Thompson, Democratic chairman of the Committee for Homeland Security in the House of Representatives.

"National emergency"

On Thursday, major air transport unions – airline pilots, aircraft crews, air traffic controllers – denounced a deterioration of the situation, pointing to an increased risk for the country's security. A terminal at Miami International Airport will be closed intermittently from Saturday to Monday due to a lack of staff.

According to the trade unions, a protest in Washington also collected more than 2,000 government officials, who expressed concern about the deterioration of their living conditions. Many private and public initiatives, such as free meals or job grants for unemployed civil servants, are organized throughout the country.

In order to break the impasse in Congress, Donald Trump had raised the threat of a"National emergency" before, Friday, seems to be back up. According to several US media reports, the White House plans to reallocate emergency relief funds for various areas plagued by natural disasters, such as Puerto Rico, to finance the construction of a border fence.

Prolonged paralysis by the federal government "A noticeable effect" on the world's largest economy, the boss of the US central bank, Jerome Powell, has also warned.

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