wIf it wasn't the barbed wire fences and the heavily armed army patrols, one could imagine vacationing in the Alps. From the snow-covered summit of a nearby mountain, a cold wind blows through a sea of golden chrysanthemums. Cows graze comfortably on green meadows, where catnip forms bright purple carpets. But men like Fahim Abu Kai and Talal Hassoun from the nearby Syrian village of Khader are unlikely to enjoy the idyllic spring on the Golan Heights on the Israeli-Syrian border in the near future.
Because this is the first time that they have learned this week that they can become the targets of Israeli special forces. & # 39; Top secret to publication & # 39; is above a list of Israeli military intelligence services that exist on the WORLD. It contains names and photos of men like Abu Kais and Hassoun, members of a new Hezbollah combat unit, who must open a new front against the Jewish state on behalf of Tehran – and is therefore considered by the Israelis a deadly enemy to be hunted down
As WELT learned exclusively from Israeli security circles, in the summer of 2018 the Lebanese Hezbollah militia founded a new special unit called Milath al-Golan (Golan Act). Their goal: to recruit Syrian hunters on the Golan Heights to launch attacks on Israel from here.
But Israel will "not allow it," says an Israeli Brigadier General, "acting with all his might" to drive Hezbollah out of the Golan. The publication of the secret documents is an open warning to the Damascus regime.
The open threat must also be perceived far away: "Anyone who cares about the stability of Syria must ensure that Hezbollah ceases these activities," another officer says. This undoubtedly means Russia, Syria's most important protector. The displeasure in Jerusalem is amazing. The officer's words sound like a final call to prevent a new military escalation in the Middle East.
The civil war changed the situation in the Golan Heights
It is not the first time that it is on the border with Syria. For forty years, the Golan was the safest border in Israel. A balance between deterrence ensured that the two enemy states reached an agreement for a cease-fire with concern in 1974. If Syria wanted to harass Israel, it sent militia members to Lebanon to attack the neighboring state.
But the outbreak of the Syrian civil war in 2011 has fundamentally changed the situation. Instead of directing other militias, Syria itself became the vassal of Iran. Their massive support guaranteed the continued existence of President Bashar al-Assad's regime and allowed Tehran to continue to pursue his own interests in Syria from then on. The Ayatollahs see the country as a springboard to put pressure on Israel. That is why they want to station the most effective foreign policy instrument, the hunters of the Lebanese Hezbollah militia, on this border.
This coincides with Hezbollah's interest. Since the devastating war against Israel in 2006, it has tried to avoid a direct confrontation with the Jewish state from Lebanon. That is why a new front in Syria was just right for her.
Dakduk was commissioned to found the "File Golan"
In the years 2011-2015, the militias launched an attempt to establish terrorist networks on the Golan Heights. They placed explosives on the border and fired projectiles several times in Israel. But after Israel had killed Samir Kuntar and Jihad Mughnija, commanders of the unit, the militia stopped the effort. The civil war seriously threatened the Assad regime and Hezbollah had to concentrate all its efforts on saving it. She therefore sent thousands of her fighters to fight alongside government forces.
But now the civil war in Syria has been won. Hezbollah withdrew a large part of their troops. Hundreds remained in an advisory capacity. Others were sent from Lebanon with a new mission to Syria. Their commander is Ali Mussa Dakduk. In the summer of 2018 he received the order to found the Golan file. From the perspective of the Israelis, this decision could pave the way for greater confrontation. Dakduk resides in Beirut and is considered one of the most important commanders of Hezbollah.
He earned his spurs in battles against Israel in the years 2003 to 2006, and was then sent to Iraq, where he helped build the Khazali network on behalf of Iran. As part of this activity, Dakduk allegedly participated in attacks on US troops and killed at least five GIs. Dakduk was captured and imprisoned in Iraq, but released in 2012. From here he returned to Lebanon, where he was responsible for training special Radwan troops.
Even before Assad, the terrorist network is a secret
For six months he is said to have ordered dozens of Hezbollah hunters from the secret new network. They would have recruited dozens of Syrians, including soldiers, for their own use. "What Dakduk does is different from what we have ever seen from Hezbollah on the Golan," says a military intelligence officer who must remain anonymous according to army regulations. "His efforts are much more systematic, better organized. And well-funded."
The well-paid rental soldiers learn how to build booby traps, shoot rockets and fire them. Part of their job is to build weapons depots for future attacks, recruit more activists and spy on Israel's security.
Dakduk & # 39; s terror network should be so secret that even President Assad of Syria did not know of its existence: "Hezbollah acts directly under his nose against his interests," the intelligence officer said. While Assad wants to keep the Israeli border still to rebuild his civil war-ridden regime, the activities of Dakduk now threaten that calmness by forcing Israel to act.
Jerusalem now faces a serious dilemma. Because not only Syrian government forces and Hezbollah fighters romp on the Golan Heights, but also hundreds of Russian military police stationed here in eight bases. Their task is, according to a deal with Israel, to keep Iranian soldiers tens of kilometers from the border. Although Jerusalem informed Moscow of the activities of Dakduk, the army has not realized until now that the Russians are doing something about the Golan law. "
This leaves the Israelis with only three uncomfortable options: wait until Dakduk is ordered to make a devastating blow. Or take a preventive attack, risk a war with Damascus and a crisis with Moscow. Or hope that the publication of this information will encourage Hezbollah, the Russians or the Syrian regime to dissolve the terrorist network.