More than 11 years later China established diplomatic relations with Costa Rica and placed a first foot in it Central America to a penetration offensive in the Western Hemisphere, United States In the past three weeks, it has engaged in an intense political siege against Panama, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic in retaliation for breaking ties with Taiwan and agree with Beijing.
Washington pleaded last Friday for consultations with its mission heads Panama City, San Salvador and Santo Domingo, to evaluate the decisions of the three countries in order not to have any ties anymore Taipei and initiate them with China and define measures for ultimate punishment.
The American ambassadors Robin Bernstein, in the Dominican capital, and Jean Manes, in the Salvadoran, and the diplomat Roxanne Cabral, who was in charge of business in the Panamanian, were quoted by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a protest by Washington for not recognizing Taiwan. .
"Our three the Heads of Mission will meet the leaders of the US government to analyze the ways in which the United States operatesIt can support democratic institutions and strong, independent and democratic economies throughout Central America and the Caribbean, "the ministry announced.
In the vicinity of one commercial war that hit before the first half of 2018 with China, Washington He warned that the break of El Salvador with Taiwan in August showed a Chinese political interference in the American continent, traditionally regarded as an immediate scenario of natural American influence.
As part of its "One China" policy, the communist giant defined the island of Taiwan almost 70 years ago as a rebel province that will never be recognized as Independent state, so a condition to forge links with Beijing is to break with Taipei.
A resolution adopted on October 25, 1971 by the General Assembly of the United Nations He recognized the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate representative of that country on the world forum and expelled the deputies of Taiwan – also known as China Nationalist – from the body.
Answers. The appeal to American consultations for the three diplomats caused reactions in the area.
When defending Panamanian independence In the context of his internal and external affairs, the President of Panama, Juan Carlos Varela, yesterday warned that "as a sovereign country we always take our decisions on foreign policy on the basis of the interests of that nation.
"We are also convinced that Panama's interests do not interfere with the interests of our strategic partners," he emphasized and warned that "we respect the sovereign decisions of other countries and that we will always have the same respect for ours. ask."
In one of the first concrete provisions for the turmoil, the US President Donald Trump's government, last Friday informed his Salvadoran counterpart that held a meeting of foreign ministers and top security officials from the US governments, El Salvador, Guatemala. and Honduras planned for this week Washington.
In response, San Salvador regretted the suspension of the nomination meeting on the appointment of the four member states of the Alliance for Prosperity, a body to promote socio-economic development and security in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, which together form the northern triangle of Central America, to reduce irregular migration to the US.
"El Salvador is ready to participate and is waiting for the reorganization of this conference," said Salvadoran President Salvador Sánchez in a statement on Saturday.
American Marco Rubio, a Florida senator for the Republican Party, predicted on August 30 in a message on Twitter that "the left government" of El Salvador "will soon lose aid" from the United States.
Rubio referred to the Salvadoran government party as the former guerrilla and left Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN).
In anticipation of the sanctions El Salvador suffered for the Chinese issue, he said: "I do not want this to happen in Guatemala either."
For his part, the government of Dominican president, Danilo Medina, He tried to minimize the final impact of the American decision to consult the three diplomats for consultation.
The Dominican Minister for Foreign Affairs, Miguel Vargas, claimed that it is a simple diplomatic movement and guarantees that his country will continue to develop an intense work program with Washington.
China also responded to the American siege in the meantime. "It seems incredible how a force loses its credibility of the state and fights against those who follow the same policy that has been pursued for almost four decades," wrote the Chinese ambassador to Panama, Wei Qiang, on his Twitter account. .
"Double standard and arrogance in its purest form," he added, referring to the fact that the US recognized China since 1972 and granted the "One China" policy that is now being applied by Panama, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic. in the past 45 years by large number of countries.
History. In a surprise decision that reopened the diplomatic doors for the Chinese communist regime in the Middle American Isthmus, closed in 1990 with the break of Nicaragua, the then president of Costa Rica, Óscar Arias, established ties with China on 1 June 2007. Nearly 60 years of tight Taipei competition, San Jose broke the ties The Costa Rican action did not produce an instant domino effect and was only matched by Panama on June 12, 2017, when the government of Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela stopped the ties with Taiwan and the next day he agreed with China.
But the scenario underwent a sudden change this year: on 30 April 2018 the Dominican Republic cut with Taiwan and on 1 May diplomatic relations with China opened, while El Salvador took the same path on 21 August.
With these changes, Taiwan's worldwide diplomatic isolation increased. Currently only 17 countries – including Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Belize for Central America – retain recognition for the island. The others are Paraguay, Haiti, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, in America, and the Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Swaziland and Tuvalu, in Oceania, Asia and Africa.
The first Central American country that broke with Taiwan and formed ties with China was Nicaragua, in December 1985, in the pro-Havana Sandinista revolution that was installed in that country in 1979. The Sandinista regime lost power in 1990 by electoral power and the subsequent government broke again with Beijing and recognized Taiwan in the same year.