In 2015, 309 minors needed hospital care in Mexico for cases of child sexual abuse (ASI), with 87.7% of the victims being girls and adolescents, according to a diagnosis by the Early Institute.
According to the Diagnosis of the situation of sexual abuse of children in a context of violence against children in Mexico, the states that concentrated the largest number of hospital discharges by ASI were Tlaxcala and Queretaro.
In Queretaro, all 74 ambulatory services visited by sexual abuse in hospitals were girls.
The data revealed by the Early Institute show that six girls and boys died from sexual assault between 2015 and 2017: five of them were between zero and five years old, and another between 6 and 12 years old.
Another 38 minors died of the abuse syndrome in the same period: 37 were between 0 and 5 years old, and one between 6 and 12 years old.
With this information, the organization has determined that the group of five years or less is the most vulnerable to being mistreated, which in some cases can lead to their death.
He pointed out, however, that it must be considered that the total number of child victims can be much greater, because not all cases of violence are attended in hospital settings and in some cases it is likely that not all cases are correctly classified, "as such. we only have a figure that represents a minimum quota of the size of the problem ".
About the feminicide, the organization discovered that there were 1756 victims from 2015 to 2017, including 164 women under 18: 50 in 2015, 53 in 2016 and 61 in 2017.
The states with the highest rates of minor femicide victims were Durango, Morelos, Veracruz, Michoacán and Nuevo León.
In the case of murders, the highest rates were presented in 2017 in Baja California, Queretaro, Guanajuato, Mexico and Tabasco.
The figures on crimes that threaten life and integrity show that the percentage of girls, of the total number of children affected, has increased, since in 2015 40% of minors were women, in 2016, 48.3% and in 2017 57.4%.
During the presentation of the diagnosis, the Early Institute indicated that the statistical information had been obtained from the data analysis of the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI); However, they could not analyze the violence against minors from the focus of crime, since the information available in the National Public Security System is not divided by this and sex.
No data on hospital discharge as a result of sexual abuse were presented in 2016 and 2017, due to the fact that they had no access to them.
For this reason, it has recommended that authorities disclose detailed information about these crimes, especially if they are against minors, and that they report on the alleged criminals who have been proposed and convicted by them.
He also asked for the reasons why Mexico does not participate in international measurements, such as those carried out by UNICEF in matters of sexual violence against minors.
The organization proposed that an agenda be drawn up in collaboration with the authorities and other civil society organizations to periodically evaluate and evaluate the available information sources on the subject, which can identify risk factors, associated variables or trends regarding sexual abuse. child.
Early Institute has announced that on 21 November a group will be presented consisting of public institutions and civil society organizations that will work to feed the available information on the subject, thus enabling strategies to be developed to prevent this.
Read the Diagnosis of the situation of sexual abuse of children in a context of violence against children in Mexico on the website of the Early Institute.