Editorial of the "World". On 10 January Nicolas Maduro was officially invested for a second term as head of Venezuela. Symbolically, and in violation of the Constitution, Hugo Chavez's successor chose not to take an oath before the National Assembly, which he denied from his rights, but rather the Supreme Court composed of judges on his own. order.
This inauguration was in particular an opportunity for President Maduro to note his diplomatic isolation, because the ranks of foreign dignitaries were scarce. The United States, Canada and the member states of the European Union shone with their absence, as did most Latin American countries. A few days earlier, twelve of them had called on the Venezuelan president to give up and transfer power to parliament. The EU, given that the presidential elections of May 2018 had been "Not free or credible", called for the organization of a new vote, "Free and honest". Only the leaders of Cuba, Nicaragua and Bolivia made the trip, together with representatives from China and Russia.
Nicolas Maduro, 56, is a pariah of the international community and rules a country in ruins. The economy of Venezuela, an oil-producing country, has collapsed completely. The IMF predicts that inflation will reach 10 million percent by 2019. The country is now so miserable and in a political and institutional stalemate so total that 2 and a half million people have left it for three years. Never in Latin America is a country so exhausted from its population. The neighboring countries of Venezuela have never faced such a population movement, greater than what Europe has experienced since 2015 with the arrival of refugees and migrants from Africa and the Middle East.
Exceptional migration flow
One of the neighbors of Venezuela, Brazil, has been in charge since 1st January by an extreme right-wing president, Jair Bolsonaro, who during his campaign did not hide the fact that he regarded Cuba and Venezuela as hostile regimes: it is not with him that Mr. Maduro can help find. But it is mainly in Colombia and, to a lesser extent, in Ecuador, that the massive arrival of Venezuelan migrants threatens to cause a serious crisis. Colombia, which has already welcomed 1 million, has asked international institutions to help cover the costs of this exceptional migration flow.
There is no reason to think that this leak will dry up, on the contrary; according to several experts more than 5 million Venezuelans will join the exit routes by the end of the year. While their living conditions are deteriorating, Venezuelans are turning away from the streets every day by saying that the Bolivarian revolution was launched by President Chavez, who died of cancer in 2013. According to the local opinion center Datanalisis Almost three quarters of the Venezuelans want Nicolas Maduro to leave and 42% want to see him being driven by a military coup. However, the army seems to continue to support it.
Fourteen Latin American countries formed the "Lima group" in 2017 to find a solution to the Venezuelan crisis. Today it is more than ever their responsibility to bridge their political differences and renew their efforts, so that what is already a regional crisis is not getting worse.